Ulangan x TKJ 1/2

WRITE IN THE COMMENT

  1. What is the narrative text?
  2. What is the descriptive text?
  3. Write the example of narrative text?
  4. Write the example of descriptive text?
  5. What is present simple, give the formula and give the example?
  6. What is present continuous tense, give the formula and give the example?
  7. What is past simple, give the formula and give the example?
  8. What is present perfect, give the formula and give the example?

Author: admindz

42 thoughts on “Ulangan x TKJ 1/2

  1. 1. Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems. An important part of narrative text is the narrative mode, the set of methods used to communicate the narrative through a process narration.

    2. Descriptive text is a text that describes about things, people or places. mostly about their information in general like their characters, habits, and other information involved
    the purpose of descriptive text is to identify something and the generic structure of it is identification and description

    3. True Friends

    Once upon a time, there were two close friends who were walking through the forest together. They knew that anything dangerous can happen any time in the forest. So they promised each other that they would always be together in any case of danger.

    Suddenly, they saw a large bear getting closer toward them. One of them climbed a nearby tree at once. But unfortunately the other one did not know how to climb up the tree. So being led by his common sense, he lay down on the ground breathless and pretended to be a dead man.

    The bear came near the one who was lying on the ground. It smelt in his ears, and slowly left the place because the bears do not want to touch the dead creatures. After that, the friend on the tree came down and asked his friend that was on the ground, “Friend, what did the bear whisper into your ears?” The other friend replied, “Just now the bear advised me not to believe a false friend”.

    Moral of the Story – A true friend in need is a friend indeed.

    4. My Small House

    I live in a small house. It has five rooms: there are two bedrooms, a living room, a bathroom, and a kitchen. Indeed it is a small house; but I like living in here for wasting my spare time.

    When the door is open, I can see the living room. It is so small with only three chairs and a table, nothing else. I prefer reading a novel in this room.

    My bedroom is in the left side of the living room. In this room there is a night table next to the bed, a TV, a radio, and a computer. When being bored of reading, I usually play online games, chat with my friends via Facebook and so on.

    Next to my bedroom is my mother’s. I do not know what is inside because I never come in to see it. In the right side of the living room there is the kitchen. In the kitchen I have everything I need when I get hungry. It is very pleasure when my mother cooks, the smell fills my whole house.

    I know it is a very small house; but it is the best place I have ever seen.

    5. Simple present tense is a sentence/ tense that we use to tell general truth, to tell facts, and to tell habbitual action.
    For example:
    I go to school every day.
    We play outside after school each day.
    Every Monday they eat spaghetti for dinner.

    6. The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present continuous exercises.
    For example:
    S + tobe (is,am,are) + V1+ing + O/C

    eg : I am studying English now
    He is talking about his journey to London

    7. The Past Simple tense, also called the Simple Past, is used for past actions that happened either at a specific time, which can either be given by a time phrase (yesterday, last year, etc.) or understood from the context. Regular Verbs add -ed to the base form, or -d if the verbs ends with -e. Irregular verbs can change in many different ways. The verb form is the same for all persons
    For example:
    Simple past tense formula
    1. nominal simple past tense
    subject + was/were + noun/complement
    subject + was/were + not + noun/complement
    was/were + subject + noun/complement?

    She was a singer ten years ago
    She was not a singer ten years ago
    Was she a singer ten years ago?

    2. Verbal simple past tense
    Subject + v2
    Subject + did not + v1
    Did + subject + V1?

    He bought a novel last week.
    He did not buy a novel last week.
    Did he buy a novel last week?

    8. The Present Perfect
    Present Perfect is a sentence pattern with verbs that is used to indicate that an action has occurred once or many times before. The Present Perfect is most often used to talk about experiences or changes that have occurred, but there are other uses that are less common. Check out the explanation below

    Discussion
    Present Perfect Forms

    The pattern of tenses in English is basically the same, that is S A V O, if elaborated further it will look like below

    S (Subject)

    A (Auxiliary)

    V (Verb)

    O (Object)

    Perfect present is formed using auxiliary in the form of has / have plus past participle as the verb (verb). The form of the question is shown by turning the subject and auxiliary. Negative forms are created by adding the word “not”.

    Statement (+): You have seen that movie many times.
    Question (?): Have you seen that movie many times?
    Negative (-): You have not seen that movie many times.
    Negative Question (-?): Haven’t you seen that movie many times?
    Present Perfect Uses (Use of Present Perfect)

    1. Time Unknown in the Past

    We can use the present perfect to say that an action occurred at an unknown time in the past. Because the time information on the condition is not important to mention. You CANNOT use the present perfect with certain time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that time, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use Present Perfect with unspecified adverbs like: never, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, not yet, etc.

    Example:

    I have seen that movie twenty times. (I have watched that movie twenty times)
    I think I have met him once before. (I think I’ve met him once before.)
    There have been many earthquakes in California. (There have been many earthquakes in California.)
    People have traveled to the Moon. (Humans have traveled to the Moon.)
    People have not traveled to Mars. (Humans have never traveled to Mars.)
    2. Past Events That Have Happened Until Now (The Verbs Are Not Continuous)

    With non-continuous verbs, we can use the Present Perfect to show that something begins in the past that continues and ends at the present time. “For five minutes,” “for two weeks,” and “since Tuesday” are examples of adverbs that indicate the condition and can be used with the Present Perfect.

    Example:

    I have had a cold for two weeks. (I have a cold for two weeks.)
    She has been in England for six months. (He has been in England for six months.)
    Mary has loved chocolate since she was a little girl. (Mary has loved chocolate since she was little

  2. 1.Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense.
    2.The meaning of descriptive text is a text which presents information about something specifically
    3.Pinocchio and the wicked witch
    In a large pine forest in the country Italy , lonely . He always dreamed about having a child . Every day , he went to cut wood for the city people . One day , an idea illuminated his mind , the idea of crafting a puppet , that he would give the name of Pinocchio . He made the doll and at night , the puppet come to life ! One year of happiness and thriller passed , on Sunday morning , Gepetto told Pinocchio : it’s my birthday soon , my little boy ! I hope you do not forget it ! Euuh , sure , I’m not ! Pinocchio felt awkward .

    He did not think about it . Gepettos birthday comes just three days ahead, and he had not prepared a gift . After a long night of reflecting , Pinocchio finally decided to offer a homemade chocolate cake to her as a gift . When the sun rose, Pinocchio was ready to go outside find the ingredients . The main problem was not even known he was in and the recipe.

    So after school , he decided to go ask someone for the ingredients to bake a cake . During his walk , Pinocchio , the wooden puppet , met shamans city . Hey , little boy , do you need help for your chocolate cake ? Hum You can help me ? , Tanya Pinocchio . Sure , I could . Follow me ! After walking a few minutes so , Pinocchio saw big , big , big huge candy house . They entered together and Pinocchio was caught by a large enclosure . Mouahahaha ! I was finally able to catch you ! you be mine , you will work for me ! , Said the evil witch .

     Pinocchio was terrified . When the guards came and took him out of the cage , he immediately ran very fast and he managed to escape . At the same time, the evil wizard , summoned all his troops with him , ran after him and he pulled out his wand . Evil devil changed the little wooden puppet into a chocolate cake ! When he returned home , he told the whole story to his father and they went to find a fairy god . After a long journey , they finally found the fairy god and they had a magic potion for Pinocchio , Pinocchio to treat the poor
    4.Borobudur Temple
    Borobudur is Hindu – Budhist temple. It was build in the nineth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.

    Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 m high and consist of eight step like stone terrace. The first five terrace are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Budist sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The entire adifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre at the centre of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and starways. The design of borobudur which symbolizes the structure of universe influences temples at Angkor, Cambodia.

    Borobudur temple which is rededicated as an Indonesian monument in 1983 is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people
    5.Simple present tense is a form of verb for facts, habits, or events that occur at this
    Formula : 1. Verb 1, Subyek —> I, We, You, They. : Am, Are
    Formula: 2. Verb 1 + s/es. —–> He, She, It. To be nya : Is
    sample : Student always go to school by bus
    6.Present Continuous Tense is a form of tense that refers to actions that are taking place now or when the conversation is taking place
    Formula :subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    sample :Mr. Tony is making design of the house.
    7.Simple past tense is a sentence tenses used to express events that occurred in the past and have ended in the past
    Formula : S + VERB 2 + O
    Sample :Abdul went to Bali for holiday last Sunday
    8.Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or that has been started in the past and still continues to the present or has been completed at a certain point of time in the past but the effect is still running
    Formula 1:Subjek+have/has+been+complement
    Formula 2:Subjek+have/has+verb 3+complement
    Sample : I have eaten apple
    : I have been here since June 3rd

  3. 1. Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense. The purpose of the text is to entertain or to amuse the readers or listeners about the story
    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.
    3. One day a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. ‘Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the dogs,’ she said.
    4. I live in a small house. It has five rooms: there are two bedrooms, a living room, a bathroom, and a kitchen. Indeed it is a small house; but I like living in here for wasting my spare time.
    When the door is open, I can see the living room. It is so small with only three chairs and a table, nothing else. I prefer reading a novel in this room.
    Definition
    5. Simple Present Tense is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.

    Formula

    subject + main verb + object

    Example

    • She listens to the lectures carefully.
    • I listen to the lectures carefully.
    • He goes to the market every day.

    6. Definition
    narrates an action which is being continued or going to be continued in the near future It uses am/is/are and “ing” is added with the verb

    Formula

    Subject + is/am/are + Present participle (-ing) form

    Example
    • Julia is making a sponge cake right now.
    • He is going to the hill station next week.

    7. Definition

    Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other. For example, The baby crawled.

    Formula

    Subject + V2 + Object

    Example
     Julia made a sponge cake.
     He went to the hill station.

    8. Definition

    Present perfect is the form of a present tense that expresses an action having started in the past and completed recently, or an action that continues in the present. It is also known as “present perfective tense.”

    Formula
    Sub + Have/Has + (Verb 3rd) + object

    Example.
    1. I have written a letter
    2. He has cooked Food
    3. They have Played football
    4. She has made cake

  4. 1.Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense
    2.The meaning of descriptive text is a text which presents information about something specifically
    3.The Legend of Surabaya
    A long time ago, there were two animals, Sura and Baya. Sura was the name of a shark and Baya was a crocodile. They lived in a sea.

    Once Sura and Baya were looking for some food. Suddenly, Baya saw a goat “Yummy, this is my lunch,” said Baya. “No way! This is my lunch. You are greedy” said Sura. Then they fought for the goat. After several hours, they were very tired.

    Feeling tired of fighting, they lived in the different places. Sura lived in the water and Baya lived in the land. The border was the beach, so they would never fight again.

    One day, Sura went to the land and looked for some food in the river. He was very hungry and there was not much food in the sea. Baya was very angry when he knew that Sura broke the promise. They fought again.

    They both hit each other. Sura bit Baya’s tail. Baya did the same thing to Sura. He bit very hard until Sura finally gave up and went back to the sea. Baya was happy.
    4.Way Kambas National Park
    Way Kambas National Park is a national park for elephant sanctuary located in Lampung precisely in the Labuhan Ratu sub district, East Lampung, Indonesia. Way Kambas National Park, established in 1985, is the first school for elephant in Indonesia. In the beginning of its establishment, Way Kambas National Park was named the Elephant Training Center / Pusat Latihan Gajah (PLG), but the last few years this name was changed into Elephant Conservation Center / Pusat Konservasi Gajah (PKG), which is expected to become a center for elephant conservation in taming, training, breeding and conserving elephants. Until now, this PKG has trained for about 300 elephants which have been deployed to all over the country.

    In Way Kambas National Park, there are some endangered animals such as Sumatran Rhinos, Sumatran elephant, Sumatran tiger, Mentok Rimba, and Buaya sepit. There are also so some plants which are mostly found there such as Api-api, Pidada, Nipah, and Pandan. On the marshy coasts of Way Kambas National Park is often found various species of birds, such as, Lesser Adjutant, Pheasant Blue, Kuau Raja, Pependang Timur, and some other birds.
    5.Simple present tense is a form of verb for facts, habits, or events that occur at this
    Formula : 1. Verb 1, Subyek —> I, We, You, They. : Am, Are
    Formula: 2. Verb 1 + s/es. —–> He, She, It. To be nya : Is
    sample : Student always go to school by car
    6.Present Continuous Tense is a form of tense that refers to actions that are taking place now or when the conversation is taking place
    Formula :subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    sample :Mr. Tony is making design of the house.
    7..Simple past tense is a sentence tenses used to express events that occurred in the past and have ended in the past
    Formula : S + VERB 2 + O
    Sample :Adji went to Bogor for holiday last Sunday
    8.Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or that has been started in the past and still continues to the present or has been completed at a certain point of time in the past but the effect is still running
    Formula 1:Subjek+have/has+been+complement
    Formula 2:Subjek+have/has+verb 3+complement
    Sample : I have eaten grape
    : I have been here since March 5rd

  5. 1. a series of stories that are explained in the beginning, middle and end order

    2.text describing people, animals, objects and places

    3. Orientation
    Once upon a time, there was a powerful prince named Bandung Bondowoso. In a war, Bandung Bondowoso killed Prabu Baka. Then, Bandung Bondowoso fell in love with Prabu Baka’s daughter named Roro Jonggrang.

    Event
    Bondowoso wanted to marry this beautiful princess. However, princess hated him because he had killed her father. Roro Jonggrang was thinking of a way to refuse Bodowoso’s marriage proposal. Finally, she decided to marry Bandung Bondowoso if he could build a thousand temples before dawn.

    Being helped by genies, Bondowoso built many temples very fast. Roro Jonggrang wanted to fail him. She asked all women in her village to hit rice so rooster crowed signing that morning was coming. All genies left their project until 999 temples. They thought morning came afterward.

    Re-Orientation
    Finally, Bondowoso knew that Roro Jonggrang tricked him. He got very angry so he cursed Roro Jonggrang into a rock statue “Arca”. Roro Jonggrang statue is inside Candi Prambanan to complete the project of a thousand temples.

    4. I have a younger sister, her name is Shakila, she has short hair, she has a round face, she rather fat and she’s beautiful

    5. text stating facts and habits, s + v1 + o, example: i drink milk every morning

    6.text indicating activities that are taking place, s + to be + Ving + o, example: we are go to school at 06.30 o’clock

    7. text stating events that happened in the past, s + v2 + o, example: you lives in Singapure from 5 years ago

    8. text stating events that occurred in the past but have not ended until now, s + have/has + V3 + o, example: i have worked in this week

  6. Nama : Silpiah Idep Cahyuni
    Kelas : X TKJ 2

    1. Narrative Text is one type of paragraph
    development in a piece of writing, which is a series of events from time to time which is described in the beginning, middle, and end order.
    2. Description text is a paragraph in which the main idea is conveyed by clearly describing the object, place, or event that is being the topic to the reader. So the reader feels as if he directly feels what is being expressed in the text.
    3. True Friends
    Once upon a time, there were two close friends who were walking through the forest together. They knew that anything dangerous could happen at any time in the forest. So they promised each other that they would always be together in any case of danger.
    Suddenly, they saw a large bear getting closer toward them. One of them climbed a nearby tree at once. But unfortunately the other one did not know how to climb up the tree. So being led by his common sense, he lay down on the ground breathless and pretended to be a dead man.
    The bear came near the one who was lying on the ground. It smelt in his ears, and slowly left the place because the bears don’t want to touch the dead creatures. After that, the friend on the tree came down and asked his friend that was on the ground, “Friend, what did the bear whisper into your ears?” The other friend replied, “Just now the bear advised me not to believe a false friend.”
    Moral of the Story- A true friend in need is a friend indeed.
    4. Potatoes
    Potatoes are included in vegetables even though potatoes don’t have the green color like vegetables in general. Although potatoes are a type of vegetable that is not green, but the nutritional content of potatoes is also important for the body. Potatoes are a good source of carbohydrates for the body besides rice.
    Potato skin is brown. Usually on the surface of the potato skin there are small spots. While the potatoes themselves are brownish yellow. If sliced ​​or cut, the surface of the potato is hard but soft or brittle.
    Many foods are made from potatoes. Potatoes processed with eggs then fried are called potato cakes, potatoes which are sliced ​​then fried are called fried potatoes, potatoes sliced ​​softly then cooked with red chili and sugar are called potato balado.
    Potatoes are also used as a vegetable in soup. There are many foods prepared from potatoes. If you eat it, besides being full it also gives a delicious taste on the tongue.
    5. Simple present tense is a form of verb for facts, habits, or events that occur on
    This formula: 1. Verb 1, Subject -> I, We, You, They. : Am, Are
    Formula: 2. Verb 1+ s / ice. —–> He, He, That. To be: Is
    Sample: They go to the beach on weekends.
    6. Present continuous tense is a form of tense that is used to determine an action that is ongoing for a certain time at the present time (now). Formula +: Subject + be (am / is / are) + verb (-ing) + … Formula -: Subject + be (am / is / are) + not + verb (-ing) + … Formula? : Be (am / is / are) + subject + verb (-ing) + …? Sample: +: he is sleeping now -: he is not sleeping now ? : is he sleeping now?
    7. Simple past tense is a tense sentence used to express events that occurred in the past and have ended in the past. Formula: subject + verb 2 + object Sample: Last Monday, Joni got an accident at the office
    8. Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or situation that has started in the past and still continues until now or has been completed at a certain point in the past but the effect is still continuing. Formula: S + auxiliary verb (have / has) + past participle (verb3) Sample: i have lived in Cilegon for 6 months

  7. 1. Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense. The purpose of the text is to entertain or to amuse the readers or listeners about the story
    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.
    3. True Friends
    Once upon a time, there were two close friends who were walking through the forest together. They knew that anything dangerous can happen any time in the forest. So they promised each other that they would always be together in any case of danger.
    Suddenly, they saw a large bear getting closer toward them. One of them climbed a nearby tree at once. But unfortunately the other one did not know how to climb up the tree. So being led by his common sense, he lay down on the ground breathless and pretended to be a dead man.
    The bear came near the one who was lying on the ground. It smelt in his ears, and slowly left the place because the bears do not want to touch the dead creatures. After that, the friend on the tree came down and asked his friend that was on the ground, “Friend, what did the bear whisper into your ears?” The other friend replied, “Just now the bear advised me not to believe a false friend.”
    4. JUGS
    JUGS that we use are chiefly made
    Of stone or earthen ware;
    We find them very useful, and
    Must handle them with care.
    But jugs are sometimes used by men,
    To hold their rum or gin—
    These are temptations, children dear;
    Pray to be kept from sin.
    5. Formula
    Subject + main verb + object
    Example:
    Every day they go for a walk after dinner.
    He goes to the gym every morning.
    Rony listens to music every day.
    6. Definition
    narrates an action which is being continued or going to be continued in the near future It uses am/is/are and “ing” is added with the verb
    Formula:
    Subject + is/am/are + Present participle (-ing) form
    Example
    Anthony is sitting in the chair.
    You are not watching the movie
    7. Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other. For example, The baby crawled.

    Formula

    Subject + V2 + Object

    Example:
    .Anthony sit in the chair
    .you are watch the movie.
    8. Present perfect is the form of a present tense that expresses an action having started in the past and completed recently, or an action that continues in the present. It is also known as “present perfective tense.”

    Formula:
    Sub + Have/Has + (Verb 3rd) + object
    Example:
    We haven’t seen her today.
    They have been to the mall twice this month.
    She has watched that show three times this week.

  8. 1. Narative teks is a Story that tries to entertain the reader.

    2. Descriptive text is a text which tells Information in detail about Places, Stuff, ETC. that the topic it gives to the reader.

    3. At that time Rozak is sleeping under a Shady Guava tree near his Grand Parents house. The Gentle Breeze makes it more cool on his sleeps. Its been a while for him to feel the gentle Breeze since he is living in a city.

    4. His name is Jono. he’s my favorite cat. He is a male cat that we got from my sister Friend. Jono has smooth, white-brown fur. Soft fur covers the tail from head to tail. Jono has a shorter leg than the usual cat’s foot. His nose is small and his mustache is a little long. Medium body weight which is about 4 kg. His eyes are Brown and very cute when he is surprised while opening his eyes wide. Jono prefers to sleep all day in the basket of his bed. When sleeping Jono prefers to be strok on the back. When stroking, he wave his tail to the right and left.

    5. The structure/formula of a Simple Present Positive Sentence is – subject + main verb + object.
    Example : She loves noodle
    The structure of a Simple Present Negative Sentence is – subject + do not/does not + main verb.
    Example: She Doesn’t Like Ice Cream

    6. The present continuous tense is used for actions happening now or for an action that is unfinished. This tense is also used when the action is temporary. The present continuous tense is formed with the subject plus the present particle form (-ing) of the main verb and the present continuous tense of the verb to be: am, is, are.One simple example of this tense is: He is swimming. “He” is the subject, “is” is the present tense of the verb to be and “swimming” is the present participle verb form.
    Example : She is playing game

    7. Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other. For example, The baby crawled.
    Formula : Subject + V2 + Object
    Example : Rozak Made Cookie

    8. Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or that has been started in the past and still continues to the present.
    Formula : Subjek+have/has+been+complement
    Example: I have lost my wallet.

  9. 1.Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense

    2.Description text is a paragraph where the main idea is conveyed by clearly explaining the object, place, or event that is being the topic for the reader.

    3.Malin Kundang

    A long time ago, in a small village near the beach in West Sumatra, a woman and her son lived. They were Malin Kundang and her mother. Her mother was a single parent because Malin Kundang’s father had passed away when he was a baby. Malin Kundang had to live hard with his mother.

    Malin Kundang was a healthy, dilligent, and strong boy. He usually went to sea to catch fish. After getting fish he would bring it to his mother, or sold the caught fish in the town.

    One day, when Malin Kundang was sailing, he saw a merchant’s ship which was being raided by a small band of pirates. He helped the merchant. With his brave and power, Malin Kundang defeated the pirates. The merchant was so happy and thanked to him. In return the merchant asked Malin Kundang to sail with him. To get a better life, Malin Kundang agreed. He left his mother alone.

    Many years later, Malin Kundang became wealthy. He had a huge ship and was helped by many ship crews loading trading goods. Perfectly he had a beautiful wife too. When he was sailing his trading journey, his ship landed on a beach near a small village. The villagers recognized him. The news ran fast in the town; “Malin Kundang has become rich and now he is here”.

    An old woman ran to the beach to meet the new rich merchant. She was Malin Kundang’s mother. She wanted to hug him, released her sadness of being lonely after so long time. Unfortunately, when the mother came, Malin Kundang who was in front of his well-dressed wife and his ship crews denied meeting that old lonely woman. For three times her mother begged Malin Kundang and for three times he yelled at her. At last Malin Kundang said to her “Enough, old woman! I have never had a mother like you, a dirty and ugly woman!” After that he ordered his crews to set sail. He would leave the old mother again, but in that time, she was full of both sadness and angriness.

    Finally, enraged, she cursed Malin Kundang that he would turn into a stone if he didn’t apologize. Malin Kundang just laughed and really set sail.

    In the quiet sea, suddenly a thunderstorm came. His huge ship was wrecked and it was too late for Malin Kundang to apologize. He was thrown by the wave out of his ship. He fell on a small island. It was really too late for him to avoid his curse. Suddenly, he turned into a stone.

    4.Mountain
    The mountain is one of the beautiful natural features that can also be said to be a prominent plain and higher than the surrounding plains. In general, mountains can reach up to hundreds of meters above sea level.

    This height causes the mountain to look beautiful when viewed from below or from its peak. From the top of the mountain we can enjoy the freshness of the waterfall that descends from a high cliff, a river with clear water flow, hills, rocks and cliffs that are sturdy, and the blue sky during the day.

    The beauty of nature is very soothing and make yourself become peaceful. The natural atmosphere is also very reassuring. The chirping of birds in the forest, the cool breeze, and the splash of river water interrupted by rocks makes us feel at home if you linger up the mountain.

    Mountains also have various types and characteristics of each. Indonesia is the country that has the most mountains. In Indonesia, there are active and inactive volcanoes. Active volcanoes have lava which can erupt when erupted.

    Lava comes from the bowels of the earth that comes out through the top of the mountain. The lava is bright red and hot like fire. While the mountain is not active, does not emit lava and can not erupt.

    5.Simple present tense is a form of verb to state facts, habits, or events that occur at this time. This verb form is most often used in English
    Formula :
    1. subject + to be (am/is/are) + Object
    2 . subject + to be (am/ia/are)+ V1 + object.
    Example :
    (+)I’am go to the school
    (-)I’am not go to the school
    (?)do i go to school ?

    6.Present continuous tense or present progressive tense is a form of verb used to express a present action or a plan for the future.
    Formula :subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    Example : They are playing football now.

    7.past simple is a simple form of verb to show that an event happened in the past.
    Formula :  S + VERB 2 + O
    Example: putra will go to uncle’s house tomorrow

    8.Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or situation that has started in the past and still continues until now or has been completed at a certain point in the past but the effect is still continuing.

    Formula :
    Formula 1:Subjek+have/has+been+complement
    Formula 2:Subjek+have/has+verb 3+complement
    Example : I have written articles on different topics.

  10. 1. Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems. An important part of narrative text is the narrative mode, the set of methods used to communicate the narrative through a process narration.

    2. Descriptive text is a text that describes about things, people or places. mostly about their information in general like their characters, habits, and other information involved
    the purpose of descriptive text is to identify something and the generic structure of it is identification and description

    3. True Friends

    Once upon a time, there were two close friends who were walking through the forest together. They knew that anything dangerous can happen any time in the forest. So they promised each other that they would always be together in any case of danger.

    Suddenly, they saw a large bear getting closer toward them. One of them climbed a nearby tree at once. But unfortunately the other one did not know how to climb up the tree. So being led by his common sense, he lay down on the ground breathless and pretended to be a dead man.

    The bear came near the one who was lying on the ground. It smelt in his ears, and slowly left the place because the bears do not want to touch the dead creatures. After that, the friend on the tree came down and asked his friend that was on the ground, “Friend, what did the bear whisper into your ears?” The other friend replied, “Just now the bear advised me not to believe a false friend”.

    Moral of the Story – A true friend in need is a friend indeed.

    4. My Small House

    I live in a small house. It has five rooms: there are two bedrooms, a living room, a bathroom, and a kitchen. Indeed it is a small house; but I like living in here for wasting my spare time.

    When the door is open, I can see the living room. It is so small with only three chairs and a table, nothing else. I prefer reading a novel in this room.

    My bedroom is in the left side of the living room. In this room there is a night table next to the bed, a TV, a radio, and a computer. When being bored of reading, I usually play online games, chat with my friends via Facebook and so on.

    Next to my bedroom is my mother’s. I do not know what is inside because I never come in to see it. In the right side of the living room there is the kitchen. In the kitchen I have everything I need when I get hungry. It is very pleasure when my mother cooks, the smell fills my whole house.

    I know it is a very small house; but it is the best place I have ever seen.

    5. Simple present tense is a sentence/ tense that we use to tell general truth, to tell facts, and to tell habbitual action.
    For example:
    I go to school every day.
    We play outside after school each day.
    Every Monday they eat spaghetti for dinner.

    6. The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present continuous exercises.
    For example:
    S + tobe (is,am,are) + V1+ing + O/C

    eg : I am studying English now
    He is talking about his journey to London

    7. The Past Simple tense, also called the Simple Past, is used for past actions that happened either at a specific time, which can either be given by a time phrase (yesterday, last year, etc.) or understood from the context. Regular Verbs add -ed to the base form, or -d if the verbs ends with -e. Irregular verbs can change in many different ways. The verb form is the same for all persons
    For example:
    Simple past tense formula
    1. nominal simple past tense
    subject + was/were + noun/complement
    subject + was/were + not + noun/complement
    was/were + subject + noun/complement?

    She was a singer ten years ago
    She was not a singer ten years ago
    Was she a singer ten years ago?

    2. Verbal simple past tense
    Subject + v2
    Subject + did not + v1
    Did + subject + V1?

    He bought a novel last week.
    He did not buy a novel last week.
    Did he buy a novel last week?

    8. The Present Perfect
    Present Perfect is a sentence pattern with verbs that is used to indicate that an action has occurred once or many times before. The Present Perfect is most often used to talk about experiences or changes that have occurred, but there are other uses that are less common. Check out the explanation below

    Discussion
    Present Perfect Forms

    The pattern of tenses in English is basically the same, that is S A V O, if elaborated further it will look like below

    S (Subject)

    A (Auxiliary)

    V (Verb)

    O (Object)

    Perfect present is formed using auxiliary in the form of has / have plus past participle as the verb (verb). The form of the question is shown by turning the subject and auxiliary. Negative forms are created by adding the word “not”.

    Statement (+): You have seen that movie many times.
    Question (?): Have you seen that movie many times?
    Negative (-): You have not seen that movie many times.
    Negative Question (-?): Haven’t you seen that movie many times?
    Present Perfect Uses (Use of Present Perfect)

    1. Time Unknown in the Past

    We can use the present perfect to say that an action occurred at an unknown time in the past. Because the time information on the condition is not important to mention. You CANNOT use the present perfect with certain time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that time, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use Present Perfect with unspecified adverbs like: never, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, not yet, etc.

    Example:

    I have seen that movie twenty times. (I have watched that movie twenty times)
    I think I have met him once before. (I think I’ve met him once before.)
    There have been many earthquakes in California. (There have been many earthquakes in California.)
    People have traveled to the Moon. (Humans have traveled to the Moon.)
    People have not traveled to Mars. (Humans have never traveled to Mars.)
    2. Past Events That Have Happened Until Now (The Verbs Are Not Continuous)

    With non-continuous verbs, we can use the Present Perfect to show that something begins in the past that continues and ends at the present time. “For five minutes,” “for two weeks,” and “since Tuesday” are examples of adverbs that indicate the condition and can be used with the Present Perfect.

    Example:

    I have had a cold for two weeks. (I have a cold for two weeks.)
    She has been in England for six months. (He has been in England for six months.)
    Mary has loved chocolate since she was a little girl. (Mary has loved chocolate since she was little

  11. Nama : Yugi Raihan
    Kelas : X TKJ 2
    1. narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense.An important part of narrative text is the narrative mode, the set of methods used to communicate the narrative through a process narration.
    2. text describing people, animals, plants, objects and places.
    3. The Ant and the Dove
    One hot day, an ant was seeking for some water. After walking around for a moment, she came to a spring. To reach the spring, she had to climb up a blade of grass. While making her way up, she slipped and fell unintentionally into the water.

    She could have sunk if a dove up a nearby tree had not seen her. Seeing that the ant was in trouble, the dove quickly put off a leaf from a tree and dropped it immediately into the water near the struggling ant. Then the ant moved towards the leaf and climbed up there. Soon it carried her safely to dry ground.

    Not long after at that, there was a hunter nearby who was throwing out his net towards the dove, hoping to trap it in this way.

    Guessing what he should do, the ant quickly bit him on the heel. Feeling the pain, the hunter dropped his net and the dove flew away quickly from this net.

    The morality: One good turn deserves another.
    4. My mom
      My mother is a beautiful person. He is not tall but not short, and he has straight and black hair. the color of his skin was light brown, and he had a beautiful smile.

      He is a very nice person. She is very beautiful, friendly, patient, and she likes to help people. I love my mother, because she is a good example for me.

      He is a very good child, wife and mother. He always takes care of his family. He likes his house clean and orderly. He is a very organized person, and everything in the house is in the right place. He doesn’t like chaos.

      He always smiles. She is very sweet and beautiful. I like when I will go to sleep or go I wake up or when I will go to some place, he always gives me a kiss, and when the family has a problem he is always with us to help us.
    5. Simple present tense is a form of verb for facts, habits, or events that occur on
    Formula
    This formula: 1. Verb 1, Subject -> I, We, You, They. : Am, Are
    Formula: 2. Verb 1+ s / ice. —–> He, He, That. To be: Is
    example
    • He drinks tea at breakfast.
    •She only eats fish.
    •They watch television regularly.
    6. The present continuous is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense.
    Formula
    subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    Example
    •Shella is living in Depok for the time being due to her study.
    7. text stating events that happened in the past
    Formula
    subject + verb 2 + object
    Example
    • She joined english club class at school yesterday.
    • Dani bought new laptops last night.
    • I was born on cianjur
    8. Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or situation that has started in the past and still continues until now or has been completed at a certain point in the past but the effect is still continuing.
    Formula
    S + auxiliary verb (have / has) + past participle (verb3)
    Example

    He has finished his homework

  12. 1. Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense.
    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.
    3. Cinderella
    Once upon a time, there lived a girl named Cinderella. She lived with her step mother and two step sisters. The step mother and her two daughters didn’t like Cinderella. They treated Cincerella very bad. Cinderella usually did the hardest works in the house; such as scrubbing the floor, cleaning the pot and pan and preparing the food for the family, and so on.

    One day, a ball was to be held by the royal family of the kingdom to find the Prince’s spouse. Cinderella wanted to go to the ball but her step mother asked her to stay at home and do the house works. Cinderella cried. Then there was a fairy godmother standing beside her.

    “Why are you crying, Cinderella?”, the fairy godmother asked.

    “Because I want to go to the ball but my step mother insists me to stay at home. Besides, I don’t have any beautiful dress” said Cinderella.

    Then the fairy turned Cinderella’s ugly dress became the most beautiful dress and with beautiful slippers. The fairy also turned a pumpkin into a parking coach and the mice become six white horses. Cinderella fiinally could go to the ball but she had to come back before midnight before the spell ended.

    At the ball, Cinderella amazed everybody there include the Prince. The Prince asked her to dance. Cinderella had a wonderful time at the ball. But, all of a sudden, she heard the sound of a clock, the first stroke of midnight. Remembered what the fairy had said, Cinderella ran back to go home. But she lost one of her slippers in ballroom. The Prince picked up her slipper and would search for the girl whose foot fitted with the slipper.

    A few days later, the Prince proclaimed that he would marry the girl whose feet fitted the slipper. Her step sisters tried on the slipper but it was too small for them, no matter how hard they squeezed their toes into it. In the end, the King’s solder let Cinderella try on the slipper. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted perfectly.

    Finally, she was driven to the palace. The Prince was overjoyed to see her again. They were married and live happily ever after.
    4. Best Friend
    My best friend is Ernesto and he is my classmate. We go to school together.
    Ernesto comes from an educated family. His father is a school principal and his mother is also a teacher.

    He is punctual, well-educated, and has good manners. He is really hard working. He always does his homework. He is also well-dressed and well-behaved. All teachers have a high opinion of him.

    Ernesto has a well-built body. He is gentle but fearless. He takes part in all sports, scout, trekking and mountaineering activities. He has a good heart. He is truthful, honest and obedient.

    He also plays the guitar, and he makes his parents very proud of him. He secures good marks and is usually top of his class in examinations. He inspires me to work harder. He keeps me away from bad company. I am happy to have such a friend.
    5.Simple present tense is a form of verb for facts, habits, or events that occur on
    This formula: 1. Verb 1, Subject -> I, We, You, They. : Am, Are
    Formula: 2. Verb 1+ s / ice. —–> He, He, That. To be: Is
    Sample: They enjoy the sunset.
    6. Present Continuous Tense is a form of tense that refers to actions that are taking place now or when the conversation is taking place
    Formula :subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    sample :The Nile river is flowing into Mediterranen.
    7. Simple past tense is a tense sentence used to express events that occurred in the past and have ended in the past. Formula: subject + verb 2 + object Sample: Kiki bought new laptops last night.
    8. Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or situation that has started in the past and still continues until now or has been completed at a certain point in the past but the effect is still continuing. Formula: S + auxiliary verb (have / has) + past participle (verb3) Sample: I have visited my grandparents in Palembang for two days.

  13. 1. Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems. An important part of narrative text is the narrative mode, the set of methods used to communicate the narrative through a process narration.
    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing. … Most descriptive text is about visual experience, but in fact experience other than the sense of sight, we can also use it to make descriptive text.
    3. The Legend of Surabaya

    A long time ago, there were two animals, Sura and Baya. Sura was the name of a shark and Baya was a crocodile. They lived in a sea.

    Once Sura and Baya were looking for some food. Suddenly, Baya saw a goat “Yummy, this is my lunch,” said Baya. “No way! This is my lunch. You are greedy” said Sura. Then they fought for the goat. After several hours, they were very tired.

    Feeling tired of fighting, they lived in the different places. Sura lived in the water and Baya lived in the land. The border was the beach, so they would never fight again.

    One day, Sura went to the land and looked for some food in the river. He was very hungry and there was not much food in the sea. Baya was very angry when he knew that Sura broke the promise. They fought again.

    They both hit each other. Sura bit Baya’s tail. Baya did the same thing to Sura. He bit very hard until Sura finally gave up and went back to the sea. Baya was happy.
    4. Kungfu Panda

    (Identification)
    Have you ever watch the cartoon movie “Kung Fu Panda”? The panda in the movie is described as a fat animal, love-noodle eater, and Kung Fu master. But the Panda that will be described below is not the Panda who can do Kung Fu like in that movie. Here is the description about Panda.

    (Description)
    Pandas are bear-like animal which originally live in center and western part of China. Pandas have distinguish features that make them different other species of bear. Pandas have white thick fur which covers all of their body with black eyes patches, ears, nose, legs, shoulders, and arms. Those black marks make Pandas unique and different.
    Like other species of bear, pandas have a big head, a short tail, rounded ears, and a long muzzle with a big nose. However, pandas’ diet is totally different with other species of bear; in which they prefer bamboos than others. 90% of pandas’ diet consists of bamboos. That is why pandas have adapted their body to help them in eating bamboos. Pandas have a big jaw with tough muscles and strong molars to crush bamboos so they can extract the nutrients they need.
    5. We use the simple present tense when an action is happening right now, or when it happens regularly (or unceasingly, which is why it’s sometimes called present indefinite). Depending on the person, the simple present tense is formed by using the root form or by adding ‑s or ‑es to the end.
    Example : She does not play tennis.
    6. Present Continuous Tense is a form of tense that refers to actions that are taking place now or when the conversation is taking place
    Formula :subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    Example : The boys are playing ball after school.
    7. Simple past tense is a sentence tenses used to express events that occurred in the past and have ended in the past
    Formula : S + VERB 2 + O
    Example : He sent a letter to his friends last Sunday.
    8. Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or that has been started in the past and still continues to the present or has been completed at a certain point of time in the past but the effect is still running
    Formula 1:Subjek+have/has+been+complement
    Formula 2:Subjek+have/has+verb 3+complement
    Example : I have written articles on different topics.
    He has read various kinds of books.
    -They have played football.
    -She has taken coffee.
    -He has gone to the library.
    -We have shopped in this market.

  14. Name : Aditya Pratama
    Class : X TKJ 1

    1.  Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense.

    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing

    3. Once upon a time there lived a little, named Snow White. She lived with her aunt and uncle because her parents were died.

    One day she heard her aunt and uncle talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White with them.
    Snow White didn’t want her uncle and aunt to do this. So she decided to run away.

    The next morning she run away from home when her aunt and uncle were having breakfast, she run away into the wood.
    In the wood she felt very tired and hungry. Then she saw this cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and felt asleep

    Meanwhile seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There, they found Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said; “What is your name?”. Snow White said; “My name is Snow White”. One of the dwarfs said; “If you wish, you may live here with us”. Snow White told the whole story about her. Then Snow white ad the seven dwarfs lived happily ever after.

    4. Putra is the youngest in our family. He is fif
    teen years old and three years younger than me. He has long, straight hair, bright eyes and a friendly smile. Sometimes he is rather naughty at home, but he usually does what he is asked to do.

    Putra is interested in sports very much, and at school, he plays football and tennis. He is the best badminton player in our family.

    5. Simple Present Tense is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.
    Formula : 1. Verb 1, Subyek —> I, We, You, They. : Am, Are
    Formula : 2. Verb 1 + s/es. —–> He, She, It. To be nya : Is
    Example : He plays basketball

    6. Present Continuous Tense is a form of tense that refers to actions that are taking place now or when the conversation is taking place
    Formula : subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    Example : Anita is playing piano

    7. Simple past tense is a sentence tenses used to express events that occurred in the past and have ended in the past
    Formula : S + VERB 2 + O
    Example : They made a horror doll

    8. Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or that has been started in the past and still continues to the present or has been completed at a certain point of time in the past but the effect is still running
    Formula 1: Subjek+have/has+been+complement
    Formula 2: Subjek+have/has+verb 3+complement
    Example : He has married last month ago

  15. 1. Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense.

    2. The meaning of descriptive text is a text which presents information about something specifically.

    3. The Legend of Surabaya
    A long time ago, there were two animals, Sura and Baya. Sura was the name of a shark and Baya was a crocodile. They lived in a sea.

    Once Sura and Baya were looking for some food. Suddenly, Baya saw a goat “Yummy, this is my lunch,” said Baya. “No way! This is my lunch. You are greedy” said Sura. Then they fought for the goat. After several hours, they were very tired.

    Feeling tired of fighting, they lived in the different places. Sura lived in the water and Baya lived in the land. The border was the beach, so they would never fight again.

    One day, Sura went to the land and looked for some food in the river. He was very hungry and there was not much food in the sea. Baya was very angry when he knew that Sura broke the promise. They fought again.

    They both hit each other. Sura bit Baya’s tail. Baya did the same thing to Sura. He bit very hard until Sura finally gave up and went back to the sea. Baya was happy.

    4.Way Kambas National Park
    Way Kambas National Park is a national park for elephant sanctuary located in Lampung precisely in the Labuhan Ratu sub district, East Lampung, Indonesia. Way Kambas National Park, established in 1985, is the first school for elephant in Indonesia. In the beginning of its establishment, Way Kambas National Park was named the Elephant Training Center / Pusat Latihan Gajah (PLG), but the last few years this name was changed into Elephant Conservation Center / Pusat Konservasi Gajah (PKG), which is expected to become a center for elephant conservation in taming, training, breeding and conserving elephants. Until now, this PKG has trained for about 300 elephants which have been deployed to all over the country.

    In Way Kambas National Park, there are some endangered animals such as Sumatran Rhinos, Sumatran elephant, Sumatran tiger, Mentok Rimba, and Buaya sepit. There are also so some plants which are mostly found there such as Api-api, Pidada, Nipah, and Pandan. On the marshy coasts of Way Kambas National Park is often found various species of birds, such as, Lesser Adjutant, Pheasant Blue, Kuau Raja, Pependang Timur, and some other birds.

    5. Simple Present Tense is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.

    Formula :
    Subject + main verb + object
    Example :
    • She listens to the lectures carefully.
    • I listen to the lectures carefully.
    • He goes to the market every day.

    6. Present Continuous Tense is a form of tense that refers to actions that are taking place now or when the conversation is taking place.
    Formula : subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    Sample : Steve is making design of the house.

    7. Simple past tense is a sentence tenses used to express events that occurred in the past and have ended in the past
    Formula : S + VERB 2 + O
    Sample : John went to Bali for holiday last Sunday

    8. Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or that has been started in the past and still continues to the present or has been completed at a certain point of time in the past but the effect is still running
    Formula 1: Subject + have/has + been + complement
    Formula 2 : Subjek + have/has + verb3 + complement
    Sample :
    I have eaten apple
    I’ve been here since May 6th

  16. 1. Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense.

    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.

    3. When he was awakened by a tiny Mouse running across his body, a mighty Lion was sleeping in his lair. The lion then grabbed the frightened mouse with his huge paws and opened his mouth to swallow him directly. “Please, King,” begged the Mouse, “Spare me this time and of course I will never forget your kindness. Someday I may be able to repay you. “The Lion thought that it was such an amusing idea that he let the poor creature go.

    Sometimes later the Lion was caught in a net laid by some hunters. Despite his great strength, the Lion could not break free. Soon the forest echoed with angry load roars.

    The Little Mouse heard the Lion and ran to see what was wrong. As soon as he succeeded to make the Lion free “There!” said the Mouse proudly, ” You laughed at me when I promised to repay your kindness, but now you know that even a tiny Mouse can help a mighty Lion.”

    4.I have a stray cat as my pet.  He is really playful, He loved to play with me and the new things he found. He has black and white fur, his fur is so soft and I like to rubs it for him.
    He has a long tail. He likes to play with it. He is also always try to catch his tail sometimes. when i hold him like that he will fall asleep.

    5. Simple Present Tense
    is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.

    Formula

    subject + main verb + object

    Example

    • She read one book every week
    • I read one book every week
    • She goes to the library everyday

    6. Present continuous
    Is narrates an action which is being continued or going to be continued in the near future It uses am/is/are and “ing” is added with the verb

    Formula

    Subject + is/am/are + Present participle (-ing) form

    Example
    • Garry is making a birthday cake cake right now.
    • He is going to the harajuku station next week.

    7. Simple past tense

    Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other. For example, The baby crawled.

    Formula

    Subject + V2 + Object

    Example
    • Garry made a birthday cake.
    • He went to the harajuku station.

    8. Present Perfect

    Present perfect is the form of a present tense that expresses an action having started in the past and completed recently, or an action that continues in the present. It is also known as “present perfective tense.”

    Formula
    Sub + Have/Has + (Verb 3rd) + object

    Example.
    1. I have gotten the item
    2. He has studied in her room
    3. They have Played baseball
    4. He has made birthday cake

  17. 1. Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems. An important part of narrative text is the narrative mode, the set of methods used to communicate the narrative through a process narration.

    2. Descriptive text is a text that describes about things, people or places. mostly about their information in general like their characters, habits, and other information involved
    the purpose of descriptive text is to identify something and the generic structure of it is identification and description

    3. True Friends

    Once upon a time, there were two close friends who were walking through the forest together. They knew that anything dangerous can happen any time in the forest. So they promised each other that they would always be together in any case of danger.

    Suddenly, they saw a large bear getting closer toward them. One of them climbed a nearby tree at once. But unfortunately the other one did not know how to climb up the tree. So being led by his common sense, he lay down on the ground breathless and pretended to be a dead man.

    The bear came near the one who was lying on the ground. It smelt in his ears, and slowly left the place because the bears do not want to touch the dead creatures. After that, the friend on the tree came down and asked his friend that was on the ground, “Friend, what did the bear whisper into your ears?” The other friend replied, “Just now the bear advised me not to believe a false friend”.

    Moral of the Story – A true friend in need is a friend indeed.

    4. My Small House

    I live in a small house. It has five rooms: there are two bedrooms, a living room, a bathroom, and a kitchen. Indeed it is a small house; but I like living in here for wasting my spare time.

    When the door is open, I can see the living room. It is so small with only three chairs and a table, nothing else. I prefer reading a novel in this room.

    My bedroom is in the left side of the living room. In this room there is a night table next to the bed, a TV, a radio, and a computer. When being bored of reading, I usually play online games, chat with my friends via Facebook and so on.

    Next to my bedroom is my mother’s. I do not know what is inside because I never come in to see it. In the right side of the living room there is the kitchen. In the kitchen I have everything I need when I get hungry. It is very pleasure when my mother cooks, the smell fills my whole house.

    I know it is a very small house; but it is the best place I have ever seen.

    5. Simple present tense is a sentence/ tense that we use to tell general truth, to tell facts, and to tell habbitual action.
    For example:
    I go to school every day.
    We play outside after school each day.
    Every Monday they eat spaghetti for dinner.

    6. The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present continuous exercises.
    For example:
    S + tobe (is,am,are) + V1+ing + O/C

    eg : I am studying English now
    He is talking about his journey to London

    7. The Past Simple tense, also called the Simple Past, is used for past actions that happened either at a specific time, which can either be given by a time phrase (yesterday, last year, etc.) or understood from the context. Regular Verbs add -ed to the base form, or -d if the verbs ends with -e. Irregular verbs can change in many different ways. The verb form is the same for all persons
    For example:
    Simple past tense formula
    1. nominal simple past tense
    subject + was/were + noun/complement
    subject + was/were + not + noun/complement
    was/were + subject + noun/complement?

    She was a singer ten years ago
    She was not a singer ten years ago
    Was she a singer ten years ago?

    2. Verbal simple past tense
    Subject + v2
    Subject + did not + v1
    Did + subject + V1?

    He bought a novel last week.
    He did not buy a novel last week.
    Did he buy a novel last week?

    8. The Present Perfect
    Present Perfect is a sentence pattern with verbs that is used to indicate that an action has occurred once or many times before. The Present Perfect is most often used to talk about experiences or changes that have occurred, but there are other uses that are less common. Check out the explanation below

    Discussion
    Present Perfect Forms

    The pattern of tenses in English is basically the same, that is S A V O, if elaborated further it will look like below

    S (Subject)

    A (Auxiliary)

    V (Verb)

    O (Object)

    Perfect present is formed using auxiliary in the form of has / have plus past participle as the verb (verb). The form of the question is shown by turning the subject and auxiliary. Negative forms are created by adding the word “not”.

    Statement (+): You have seen that movie many times.
    Question (?): Have you seen that movie many times?
    Negative (-): You have not seen that movie many times.
    Negative Question (-?): Haven’t you seen that movie many times?
    Present Perfect Uses (Use of Present Perfect)

    1. Time Unknown in the Past

    We can use the present perfect to say that an action occurred at an unknown time in the past. Because the time information on the condition is not important to mention. You CANNOT use the present perfect with certain time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that time, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use Present Perfect with unspecified adverbs like: never, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, not yet, etc.

    Example:

    I have seen that movie twenty times. (I have watched that movie twenty times)
    I think I have met him once before. (I think I’ve met him once before.)
    There have been many earthquakes in California. (There have been many earthquakes in California.)
    People have traveled to the Moon. (Humans have traveled to the Moon.)
    People have not traveled to Mars. (Humans have never traveled to Mars.)
    2. Past Events That Have Happened Until Now (The Verbs Are Not Continuous)

    With non-continuous verbs, we can use the Present Perfect to show that something begins in the past that continues and ends at the present time. “For five minutes,” “for two weeks,” and “since Tuesday” are examples of adverbs that indicate the condition and can be used with the Present Perfect.

    Example:

    I have had a cold for two weeks. (I have a cold for two weeks.)
    She has been in England for six months. (He has been in England for six months.)
    Mary has loved chocolate since she was a little girl. (Mary has loved chocolate since she was little

  18. 1. Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense. The purpose of the text is to entertain or to amuse the readers or listeners about the story
    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.
    3. one day there was a mouse deer who was starving. while he was walking in the forest mouse deer met with mice. the mouse saw a mouse deer that was starving he gave food to the mouse deer and they were friends
    4.Cows are very useful to mankind, in supplying them with milk from which both butter and cheese are made.

    Their young ones are called calves, and the flesh of calves is veal. A good Cow will give about fifteen or more quarts of milk a day, but much depends upon the quality of the pasture she feeds upon.

    Her age is told by her horns; after she is three years old a ring is formed every year at the root of the horn, so that by counting the number of circles, her age may be exactly known.

    Cows are sometimes prettily marked with black, brown, and yellow spots, and, as they lie scattered about a green meadow, add much to the charms of a landscape.
    5. Simple Present Tense is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.

    Formula

    subject + main verb + object

    Example

    • She listens to the lectures carefully.
    • I listen to the lectures carefully.
    • He goes to the market every day.

    6. Definition
    narrates an action which is being continued or going to be continued in the near future It uses am/is/are and “ing” is added with the verb

    Formula

    Subject + is/am/are + Present participle (-ing) form

    Example
    • Karen is making a cheese cake right now.
    • she is going to the hill station next week.

    7. Definition

    Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other. For example, The baby crawled.

    Formula

    Subject + V2 + Object

    Example
    KAREN made a sponge cake.
    SHe went to the hill station.

    8. Definition

    Present perfect is the form of a present tense that expresses an action having started in the past and completed recently, or an action that continues in the present. It is also known as “present perfective tense.”

    Formula
    Sub + Have/Has + (Verb 3rd) + object

    Example.
    1. I have written a letter
    2. She has cooked Food
    3. They have Played football
    4. He has made cake

  19. 1. Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems. 
    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing
    3. One afternoon there was a fox that was walking through the forest and spotted a bunch of grapes hanging from over a lofty branch. “Just the thing to quench my thirst,” quoted the fox. Taking a few steps backward, the fox jumped but unfortunately he missed the hanging grapes. Again the fox took a few paces backward, ran, and tried to reach them but he still failed.

    Finally, giving up, the fox turned up his nose and said, “They’re probably sour anyway,” and proceeded to walk away.

    4.The Monas National Monument is a 132-meter tower in the center of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta, Indonesia Jakarta, is the capital of the state. It symbolizes the struggle for Indonesian independence of our country. The monument consists of a 117.7 m obelisk on a 45m square platform at a height of 17 m. The towering monument symbolizes the philosophy of Lingga and Yoni. Resembles a phallus, or pestle mortar pestle and Yoni resembles rice or mortar, two important things in the tradition of Indonesian agriculture. Construction began in 1961 under the direction of President Sukarno, the first president of the us and the monument was opened to the public in 1975. It is topped by a flame covered with gold foil, and now the monument calls.
    5.Simple present tense is a form of verb for facts, habits, or events that occur at this
    Formula : 1. Verb 1, Subyek —> I, We, You, They. : Am, Are
    Formula: 2. Verb 1 + s/es. —–> He, She, It. To be nya : Is
    sample : I goes to uncle’s house every weekend
    6.Present Continuous Tense is a form of tense that refers to actions that are taking place now or when the conversation is taking place
    Formula :subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    sample : rita making soup now
    7. Simple past tense is a sentence tenses used to express events that occurred in the past and have ended in the past
    Formula : S + VERB 2 + O
    Sample : it rained yesterday
    8. Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or that has been started in the past and still continues to the present or has been completed at a certain point of time in the past but the effect is still running
    Formula 1:Subjek+have/has+been+complement
    Formula 2:Subjek+have/has+verb 3+complement
    Sample : She has watched that show three times this week

  20. 1. Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems. An important part of narrative text is the narrative mode, the set of methods used to communicate the narrative through a process narration.

    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.

    3. Once upon a time, there were two close friends who were walking through the forest together. They knew that anything dangerous can happen any time in the forest. So they promised each other that they would always be together in any case of danger.

    4. My Classmate, Yuta
    Yuta is one of the 150 International students at the ELC of Brigham Young University. He is from Japan. He grew up in Japan, and he is 19 years old. There are six people in his family, a father, a mother, three sisters and himself. He is the youngest in his family. He is also the only boy in his family, but now he is in Provo, Utah, studying English. Yuta likes the United States very much and he thinks everything is cheap. Yuta thinks his English classes are excellent and the teachers are professionals. Yuta thinks someone in his class is noisy so he doesn’t like that. In his free time he spends too much time sleeping, so it seems that he has a sleeping sickness.

    5. The simple present (also called present simple or present indefinite) is a verb tense which is used to show repetition, habit or generalization.
    Formula: subject + main verb + object
    Example:
    -I take the motorcycle to the office
    -The train to Bekasi leaves every hour.
    -George sleeps seven hours every night during the week.

    6. present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense.
    Formula:
    Subject + is/am/are + Present participle (-ing) form
    Example:
    -She is crying.
    -He is talking to his friend.
    -The baby is sleeping in his crib.

    7. The Past Simple tense, also called the Simple Past, is used for past actions that happened either at a specific time, which can either be given by a time phrase (yesterday, last year, etc.) or understood from the context.
    Formula: Subject + V2 + Object
    Example:
    Abdul went to Bali for holiday last Sunday.

    8. The present perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences.
    Formula: Sub + Have/Has + (Verb 3rd) + object
    Example:
    -Salma has locked herself in her room since last night.
    -Fadya and Lala have prepared lunch for all people in the room.
    -I have not finished my work yet.

  21. 1.Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense
    2. The meaning of descriptive text is a text which presents information about something specifically.
    3. The Fox and The Grapes

    One afternoon there was a fox that was walking through the forest and spotted a bunch of grapes hanging from over a lofty branch. “Just the thing to quench my thirst,” quoted the fox. Taking a few steps backward, the fox jumped but unfortunately he missed the hanging grapes. Again the fox took a few paces backward, ran, and tried to reach them but he still failed.

    Finally, giving up, the fox turned up his nose and said, “They’re probably sour anyway,” and proceeded to walk away.

    4. Sphynx Cats

    My Sphynx cat is the only pet I have. He has a little hair but is not totally hairless as he has a peach fuzz over much of his body. His coat is often a warm chamois. My Sphynx has a normal cat proportion.

    I like his tail although my mom say that it is like a rats tail. I love his usual color varieties including, tortoiseshell, chocolate, black, blue, lilac, chocolate etc. He is really an amazing cat. Believe it or not, he is very intelligent cat. He can respond my voice commands.

    He is really funny as well as my friends get a joke. I love him so much as I love my mother.

    5. Formula
    Subject + main verb + object
    Example: He lives in London.

    6.Present continuous tense or present progressive tense is a form of verb used to express a present action or a plan for the future.
    Formula :subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    Example : I’m moving to Bandung
    this month.

    7. Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other. For example, The baby crawled.
    Formula : Subject + V2 + Object
    Example : I was here last night

    8. Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or that has been started in the past and still continues to the present or has been completed at a certain point of time in the past but the effect is still running
    Formula 1:Subjek+have/has+been+complement
    Formula 2:Subjek+have/has+verb 3+complement
    Sample : She has lived here all her life.

  22. 1.Narrative text adalah sejenis teks untuk menceritakan kembali kisah yang lampau

    2. Teks deskripsi adalah paragraf di mana ide utama disampaikan dengan menjelaskan dengan jelas objek, tempat, atau peristiwa yang sedang menjadi topik bagi pembaca.

    3.Malin Kundang

    Dahulu kala, di sebuah desa kecil dekat pantai di Sumatra Barat, seorang wanita dan putranya hidup. Mereka adalah Malin Kundang dan ibunya. Ibunya adalah orang tua tunggal karena ayah Malin Kundang telah meninggal ketika dia masih bayi. Malin Kundang harus hidup keras bersama ibunya.

    Malin Kundang adalah anak yang sehat, rajin, dan kuat. Dia biasanya pergi ke laut untuk menangkap ikan. Setelah mendapatkan ikan, ia akan membawanya ke ibunya, atau menjual ikan yang ditangkap di kota.

    Suatu hari, ketika Malin Kundang berlayar, ia melihat kapal dagang yang sedang diserbu sekelompok kecil perompak. Dia membantu pedagang. Dengan keberanian dan kekuatannya, Malin Kundang mengalahkan perompak. Pedagang itu sangat senang dan berterima kasih padanya. Sebagai imbalannya pedagang meminta Malin Kundang untuk berlayar bersamanya. Untuk mendapatkan kehidupan yang lebih baik, Malin Kundang setuju. Dia meninggalkan ibunya sendiri.

    Bertahun-tahun kemudian, Malin Kundang menjadi kaya. Dia memiliki kapal besar dan dibantu oleh banyak kru kapal yang memuat barang dagangan. Sempurna dia punya istri yang cantik juga. Ketika dia berlayar dalam perjalanan dagangnya, kapalnya mendarat di sebuah pantai dekat sebuah desa kecil. Penduduk desa mengenalinya. Berita itu menyebar dengan cepat di kota; “Malin Kundang telah menjadi kaya dan sekarang dia ada di sini”.

    Seorang wanita tua berlari ke pantai untuk menemui pedagang kaya baru. Dia adalah ibu Malin Kundang. Dia ingin memeluknya, melepaskan kesedihannya karena kesepian setelah sekian lama. Sayangnya, ketika sang ibu datang, Malin Kundang yang berada di depan istrinya yang berpakaian bagus dan awak kapalnya membantah bertemu dengan wanita tua yang kesepian itu. Selama tiga kali ibunya memohon pada Malin Kundang dan tiga kali ia memintanya. Akhirnya Malin Kundang berkata kepadanya, “Cukup, wanita tua! Saya tidak pernah memiliki ibu seperti Anda, seorang wanita yang kotor dan jelek! ” Setelah itu dia memerintahkan anak buahnya untuk berlayar. Dia akan meninggalkan ibu tua itu lagi, tetapi pada saat itu, dia penuh dengan kesedihan dan kemarahan.

    Akhirnya, marah, dia mengutuk Malin Kundang bahwa dia akan berubah menjadi batu jika dia tidak meminta maaf. Malin Kundang hanya tertawa dan benar-benar berlayar.

    Di laut yang tenang, tiba-tiba badai datang. Kapalnya yang besar hancur dan sudah terlambat bagi Malin Kundang untuk meminta maaf. Dia terlempar oleh gelombang keluar dari kapalnya. Dia jatuh di sebuah pulau kecil. Sudah sangat terlambat baginya untuk menghindari kutukannya. Tiba-tiba, dia berubah menjadi batu.

    4.
    Gunung Gunung adalah salah satu fitur alam yang indah yang juga bisa dikatakan dataran yang menonjol dan lebih tinggi dari dataran sekitarnya. Secara umum, gunung bisa mencapai hingga ratusan meter di atas permukaan laut.

    Ketinggian ini menyebabkan gunung terlihat indah jika dilihat dari bawah atau dari puncaknya. Dari puncak gunung kita bisa menikmati kesegaran air terjun yang turun dari tebing tinggi, sungai dengan aliran air jernih, bukit, bebatuan dan tebing yang kokoh, dan langit biru di siang hari.

    Keindahan alam sangat menenangkan dan membuat diri Anda menjadi damai. Suasana alam juga sangat meyakinkan. Kicau burung di hutan, angin sepoi-sepoi yang sejuk, dan cipratan air sungai yang terputus oleh bebatuan membuat kami betah tinggal berlama-lama di gunung.

    Pegunungan juga memiliki berbagai jenis dan karakteristik masing-masing. Indonesia adalah negara yang memiliki gunung terbanyak. Di Indonesia, ada gunung berapi aktif dan tidak aktif. Gunung berapi aktif memiliki lava yang dapat meletus ketika meletus.

    Lava berasal dari perut bumi yang keluar melalui puncak gunung. Lava berwarna merah terang dan panas seperti api. Sementara gunung tidak aktif, tidak memancarkan lava dan tidak bisa meletus.

    5. Simple present tense adalah bentuk kata kerja untuk menyatakan fakta, kebiasaan, atau peristiwa yang terjadi saat ini. Bentuk kata kerja ini paling sering digunakan dalam
    Formula Bahasa Inggris :
    1. subject + to be (am / is / are) + Object
    2. subjek + menjadi (am / ia / are) + V1 + objek.
    Contoh:
    (+) Saya pergi ke sekolah
    (-) Saya tidak pergi ke sekolah
    (?) Apakah saya pergi ke sekolah?

    6. Present continuous tense atau present progress tense adalah bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk mengekspresikan tindakan saat ini atau rencana untuk masa depan.
    Formula: subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    Contoh: Mereka sedang bermain sepak bola sekarang.

    7.past simple adalah bentuk kata kerja sederhana untuk menunjukkan bahwa suatu peristiwa terjadi di masa lalu.
    Formula: S + KATA KERJA 2 + O
    Contoh: putra akan pergi ke rumah paman besok

    8. Present perfect tense adalah bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk mengekspresikan suatu tindakan atau situasi yang telah dimulai di masa lalu dan masih berlanjut sampai sekarang atau telah selesai pada titik tertentu di masa lalu tetapi efeknya masih berlanjut.

    Formula:
    Formula 1: Subjek + memiliki / telah + menjadi + pelengkap
    Formula 2: Subjek + memiliki / memiliki + kata kerja 3 + melengkapi
    Contoh: Saya telah menulis artikel tentang berbagai topik.

  23. 1. Narrative text is text that tells or explain an event in detail in chronological order.

    2. Description text is the text where the main idea is conveyed by clearly describing the object place or event that is the topic for the reader.

    3. Malin Kundang

    Once Upon a time, lived a diligent boy named Malin Kundang. He lived in the seashore with his mother. They were very poor, but they lived quiet and harmonious.

    One day, a big ship closed to the beach near their village. They asked peoples to join work in their ship and went to the cross island. Malin Kundang wanted to join with them because he wanted to improve his family’s life. But his mother didn’t permit him. She worried to Malin. Malin still kept his argument… and finally he sailed with the bigship.Several years later, Malin Kundang succed and he became rich trader. Then, he came to his native village with his beatiful wife, but his wife didn’t know Malin’s real descent. His happy mother quickly approached Malin and brought a plate of village cake, Malin’s Favorite. But Malin didn’t admit that woman as his poor mother, and then he kicked the village cakewhich brought by his mother until scattered.

    His mother very broken heart because MAlin rebellious to her, who had growth him. Then, his mother cursed Malin became stone.Suddenly, the bigship which Malin’s had was vacillated by a big storm and all of his crewman tossed aside out. Malin realized that was his fault that rebellious his mother. He bowed down and became a stone.

    4. Borobudur Temple

    Borobudur is a Buddhist temple. It was built in the ninth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.

    Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 meter high and consists of eight steps like stone terrace. The first five terraces are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Buddhist sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The entire upper structure is crowned by a large stupa at the center of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and stairways.

    The design of Borobudur symbolizes the conception of universe in Buddhist cosmology. It is believed that the universe is divided into three spiritual spheres, kamadhatu, rupadhatu, and arupadhatu. The first sphere, kamadhatu, represents respectively the sphere of desires where we are bound to our desires; the second sphere, rupadhatu, represents forms where we abandon our desires but are still bound to name and form; and the last sphere, arupadhatu, represents formlessness where there is no longer either name or form. Borobudur temple which is rededicated as an Indonesian monument in 1983 is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people. With its magnificent size and architecture, no wonder that Borobudur Temple includes 7 wonders of the world.

    5. Present tense is a form of verb that is used to express facts, habits, events, activities, activities and so on that are happening right now.

    Formula Present Tense

    Positif : S + V1 (s/es)

    Negatif : S + DO/DOES + NOT + V1

    Tanya : DO/DOES + S + V1

    Example :

    (+) he drinks milk
    (- ) he doesn’t drink milk
    (?) does he drink milk ?

    6. Present continuous tense is a form of verb used to express, say, talk about current actions or plans for the future.

    Formula Present Continuous tense :

    Positif : S + Tobe +Ving

    Negatif : S +Tobe +Not + Ving

    Interrogative : Tobe + S + Ving

    Example :

    (+) We are studying now
    (- ) We aren’t studying now
    (?) Are you studying now ?

    7. Past tense is tense that is used to declare events that have been “Past”. The past does not have to be too long, the important thing is that it has passed or has passed.

    Formula Past Simple :

    Positif : S + Tobe +Ving

    Negatif : S +Tobe +Not + Ving

    Interrogative : Tobe + S + Ving

    Example :

    (+) We are studying now
    (- ) We aren’t studying now
    (?) Are you studying now ?

    8. Present perfect is a form of verb that is used to express an action or event that has been done and is still related to the present.

    Formula Present Perfect :

    Positif : S + Have/has + V3

    Negative : S + Have/has Not + V3

    Interrogative : Have/has + S + V3

    Example :

    (+) You have lived here for 2 years
    (- ) You haven’t lived here 2 years
    (?) Have you lived here 2 years ?

  24. 1. Narrative texts are stories that have complications or problematic events and try to find a resolution to solve the problem

    2. Descriptive text is a type of text that describes or describes a person, animal, place or object. in general what is described is the characteristics and form

    3. One day, there are ants who are looking for water to drink. Finally, the ants see the lake, the ants want to drink the lake water. But what happened was unexpected, the ant fell into the lake. And with the effort of the ant trying to keep his body floating above the water, but over time the ant feels tired and resigned to the situation. Ants pray to God for help, ants pray “God please help me”.

    Finally, a dove came to help the ants. Pigeons give leaves, ants climb over leaves and ants can stay afloat and head to the edge of the lake.

    Finally, the ants can survive and arrive at the lake’s edge. the ant said, “Thank you, pigeon, you helped me,” the dove replied, “Thank you, be careful,” the pigeon left the ant.

    4. I have a close friend, he quite often helps me in trouble.

    He has curly hair, sharp eyes but he wears glasses, and his height is the same as mine. he also has a good, helpful, humble and patient nature

    5. Formula present simple

    – S + V1 + O
    Example : i sleep in bed room
    – S + to be + objek
    Example : Susi Pudjiastuti is the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries.

    6. Formula Present Continuous

    – S + to be + verb ing + O
    Example : She is Sleeping in bedroom

    7. Formula Past Simple

    – S + Verb2 + O
    Example : he often slept in class

    8. Formula Present Perfect

    – S + Have / has / verb3 + O
    Example : i have eaten apple
    – S + have/gas/been
    Example : i have been here since june 3rd

  25. 1. Narrative text is text that tells or explain an event in detail in chronological order.

    2. Description text is the text where the main idea is conveyed by clearly describing the object place or event that is the topic for the reader.

    3. Malin Kundang

    Once Upon a time, lived a diligent boy named Malin Kundang. He lived in the seashore with his mother. They were very poor, but they lived quiet and harmonious.

    One day, a big ship closed to the beach near their village. They asked peoples to join work in their ship and went to the cross island. Malin Kundang wanted to join with them because he wanted to improve his family’s life. But his mother didn’t permit him. She worried to Malin. Malin still kept his argument… and finally he sailed with the bigship.Several years later, Malin Kundang succed and he became rich trader. Then, he came to his native village with his beatiful wife, but his wife didn’t know Malin’s real descent. His happy mother quickly approached Malin and brought a plate of village cake, Malin’s Favorite. But Malin didn’t admit that woman as his poor mother, and then he kicked the village cakewhich brought by his mother until scattered.

    His mother very broken heart because MAlin rebellious to her, who had growth him. Then, his mother cursed Malin became stone.Suddenly, the bigship which Malin’s had was vacillated by a big storm and all of his crewman tossed aside out. Malin realized that was his fault that rebellious his mother. He bowed down and became a stone.

    4. Borobudur Temple

    Borobudur is a Buddhist temple. It was built in the ninth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.

    Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 meter high and consists of eight steps like stone terrace. The first five terraces are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Buddhist sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The entire upper structure is crowned by a large stupa at the center of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and stairways.

    The design of Borobudur symbolizes the conception of universe in Buddhist cosmology. It is believed that the universe is divided into three spiritual spheres, kamadhatu, rupadhatu, and arupadhatu. The first sphere, kamadhatu, represents respectively the sphere of desires where we are bound to our desires; the second sphere, rupadhatu, represents forms where we abandon our desires but are still bound to name and form; and the last sphere, arupadhatu, represents formlessness where there is no longer either name or form. Borobudur temple which is rededicated as an Indonesian monument in 1983 is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people. With its magnificent size and architecture, no wonder that Borobudur Temple includes 7 wonders of the world.

    5. Present tense is a form of verb that is used to express facts, habits, events, activities, activities and so on that are happening right now.

    Formula Present Tense

    Positif : S + V1 (s/es)

    Negatif : S + DO/DOES + NOT + V1

    Tanya : DO/DOES + S + V1

    Example :

    (+) he drinks milk
    (- ) he doesn’t drink milk
    (?) does he drink milk ?

    6. Present continuous tense is a form of verb used to express, say, talk about current actions or plans for the future.

    Formula Present Continuous tense :

    Positif : S + Tobe +Ving

    Negatif : S +Tobe +Not + Ving

    Interrogative : Tobe + S + Ving

    Example :

    (+) We are studying now
    (- ) We aren’t studying now
    (?) Are you studying now ?

    7. Past tense is tense that is used to declare events that have been “Past”. The past does not have to be too long, the important thing is that it has passed or has passed.

    Formula Past Simple :

    Positif : S + Tobe +Ving

    Negatif : S +Tobe +Not + Ving

    Interrogative : Tobe + S + Ving

    Example :

    (+) We are studying now
    (- ) We aren’t studying now
    (?) Are you studying now ?

    8. Present perfect is a form of verb that is used to express an action or event that has been done and is still related to the present.

    Formula Present Perfect :

    Positif : S + Have/has + V3

    Negative : S + Have/has Not + V3

    Interrogative : Have/has + S + V3

    Example :

    (+) You have lived here for 2 years
    (- ) You haven’t lived here 2 years
    (?) Have you lived here 2 years ?

  26. 1. Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense.

    2. The meaning of descriptive text is a text which presents information about something specifically.

    3. The Legend of Surabaya
    A long time ago, there were two animals, Sura and Baya. Sura was the name of a shark and Baya was a crocodile. They lived in a sea.

    Once Sura and Baya were looking for some food. Suddenly, Baya saw a goat “Yummy, this is my lunch,” said Baya. “No way! This is my lunch. You are greedy” said Sura. Then they fought for the goat. After several hours, they were very tired.

    Feeling tired of fighting, they lived in the different places. Sura lived in the water and Baya lived in the land. The border was the beach, so they would never fight again.

    One day, Sura went to the land and looked for some food in the river. He was very hungry and there was not much food in the sea. Baya was very angry when he knew that Sura broke the promise. They fought again.

    They both hit each other. Sura bit Baya’s tail. Baya did the same thing to Sura. He bit very hard until Sura finally gave up and went back to the sea. Baya was happy.

    4.Way Kambas National Park
    Way Kambas National Park is a national park for elephant sanctuary located in Lampung precisely in the Labuhan Ratu sub district, East Lampung, Indonesia. Way Kambas National Park, established in 1985, is the first school for elephant in Indonesia. In the beginning of its establishment, Way Kambas National Park was named the Elephant Training Center / Pusat Latihan Gajah (PLG), but the last few years this name was changed into Elephant Conservation Center / Pusat Konservasi Gajah (PKG), which is expected to become a center for elephant conservation in taming, training, breeding and conserving elephants. Until now, this PKG has trained for about 300 elephants which have been deployed to all over the country.

    In Way Kambas National Park, there are some endangered animals such as Sumatran Rhinos, Sumatran elephant, Sumatran tiger, Mentok Rimba, and Buaya sepit. There are also so some plants which are mostly found there such as Api-api, Pidada, Nipah, and Pandan. On the marshy coasts of Way Kambas National Park is often found various species of birds, such as, Lesser Adjutant, Pheasant Blue, Kuau Raja, Pependang Timur, and some other birds.

    5. Simple Present Tense is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.

    Formula :
    Subject + main verb + object
    Example :
    • She listens to the lectures carefully.
    • I listen to the lectures carefully.
    • He goes to the market every day.

    6. Present Continuous Tense is a form of tense that refers to actions that are taking place now or when the conversation is taking place.
    Formula : subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    Sample : Steve is making design of the house.

    7. Simple past tense is a sentence tenses used to express events that occurred in the past and have ended in the past
    Formula : S + VERB 2 + O
    Sample : John went to Bali for holiday last Sunday

    8. Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or that has been started in the past and still continues to the present or has been completed at a certain point of time in the past but the effect is still running
    Formula 1: Subject + have/has + been + complement
    Formula 2 : Subjek + have/has + verb3 + complement
    Sample :
    I have eaten apple
    I’ve been here since May 6th

  27. Nama : Felia Rahma Oktaviani
    Kelas : X Tkj 1
    1.Narrative text is a type of text in English to tell a story that has a connected chronological collection. The purpose of this text is to please the reader about a story or story.
    2. Descriptive text is one type of text in English that clearly shows the properties that are inherent in something, be it human, animal, plant or inanimate objects. The purpose of this text provides clear information about the object visited to the reader.
    3. The Emperor and His Daughters
    There was once an emperor who lived in a palace. He had two daughters but no sons.He wanted his daughters to marry before he died. He found two princes. However, his daughters didn’t like them. They refused to marry the princes, so the emperor became very angry. He said they must get married when they were sixteen years old.The two daughters ran away during the night and found work on a farm. They fell in love with the farmer’s sons while they were working there. They married the sons as soon as they were sixteen.
    4. Jember Regency
    Jember is a regency in East Java. It is located in between Bondowoso and Banyuwangi. Banyuwangi is regency that is located at the easternmost end of Java Island, before Bali Strait, so that we can know that Jember is near enough from Bali Island.
    Jember is a beautiful place. In Jember, there are a lot of interesting places to visit, such as Papuma Beach, Watu Ulo Beach, Watu Ondo, Pancer Beach, Rembangan, and so on. Jember also has a famous carnival, named Jember Fashion Carnaval. It is an international annual fashion carnival which usually held in August. Beside some beautiful places and a famous carnival, Jember also has a unique culture. People usually called it as Pendhalungan. Pendhalungan is an acculturation culture between Javanese and Maduranese. Jember has a total area of 3,293.34 km2. Because of that, it creates a different culture between North Jember and South Jember. In North Jember, there are a lot of Maduranese people and they usually speak Maduranese. On the other hand, In South Jember, not many Maduranese people live there. It is dominated with Javanese people.
    5. present simple = tenses that are used when an event is happening right now or an event that is going on times (habit). These tenses are the most commonly used tenses in English.
    The structure/formula of a Simple Present Positive Sentence is = S+V1+O (NOUN)
    S+to be+O ( Adjectictive)
    Example = She reads Harry Potter book everyday
    You watch new movies every sunday
    The structure of a Simple Present Negative Sentence is = S + do not/does not + main verb.
    Example = They don’t watch new movies every Sunday
    6. Present Continuous Tense is a form of tense that refers to actions that are taking place now or when the conversation is taking place
    Formula :subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    example : Doni is making design
    7.Past simple is a simple form of verb to indicate an event that happened in the past.
    Formula : S+V2+O
    Example: The teacher came school
    8. Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or that has been started in the past and still continues to the present.
    Formula : Subjek+have/has+been+complement
    Example: I have bought a new car.

  28. 1. Narrative text is text that tells or explain an event in detail in chronological order.

    2. Descriptive text is one type of text in English that clearly shows the properties that are inherent in something, be it human, animal, plant or inanimate objects. The purpose of this text provides clear information about the object visited to the reader.

    3. The Legend of Surabaya
    A long time ago, there were two animals, Sura and Baya. Sura was the name of a shark and Baya was a crocodile. They lived in a sea.

    Once Sura and Baya were looking for some food. Suddenly, Baya saw a goat “Yummy, this is my lunch,” said Baya. “No way! This is my lunch. You are greedy” said Sura. Then they fought for the goat. After several hours, they were very tired.

    Feeling tired of fighting, they lived in the different places. Sura lived in the water and Baya lived in the land. The border was the beach, so they would never fight again.

    One day, Sura went to the land and looked for some food in the river. He was very hungry and there was not much food in the sea. Baya was very angry when he knew that Sura broke the promise. They fought again.

    They both hit each other. Sura bit Baya’s tail. Baya did the same thing to Sura. He bit very hard until Sura finally gave up and went back to the sea. Baya was happy

    4.Way Kambas National Park
    Way Kambas National Park is a national park for elephant sanctuary located in Lampung precisely in the Labuhan Ratu sub district, East Lampung, Indonesia. Way Kambas National Park, established in 1985, is the first school for elephant in Indonesia. In the beginning of its establishment, Way Kambas National Park was named the Elephant Training Center / Pusat Latihan Gajah (PLG), but the last few years this name was changed into Elephant Conservation Center / Pusat Konservasi Gajah (PKG), which is expected to become a center for elephant conservation in taming, training, breeding and conserving elephants. Until now, this PKG has trained for about 300 elephants which have been deployed to all over the country.

    In Way Kambas National Park, there are some endangered animals such as Sumatran Rhinos, Sumatran elephant, Sumatran tiger, Mentok Rimba, and Buaya sepit. There are also so some plants which are mostly found there such as Api-api, Pidada, Nipah, and Pandan. On the marshy coasts of Way Kambas National Park is often found various species of birds, such as, Lesser Adjutant, Pheasant Blue, Kuau Raja, Pependang Timur, and some other birds.

    5. Simple present tense is a sentence/ tense that we use to tell general truth, to tell facts, and to tell habbitual action.
    For example:
    I go to school every day.
    We play outside after school each day.
    Every Monday they eat spaghetti for dinner.

    6.Present continuous tense or present progressive tense is a form of verb used to express a present action or a plan for the future.
    Formula :subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    Example : I’m moving to Bandung
    this month.

    7. The Past Simple tense, also called the Simple Past, is used for past actions that happened either at a specific time, which can either be given by a time phrase (yesterday, last year, etc.) or understood from the context. Regular Verbs add -ed to the base form, or -d if the verbs ends with -e. Irregular verbs can change in many different ways. The verb form is the same for all persons
    For example:
    Simple past tense formula
    1. nominal simple past tense
    subject + was/were + noun/complement
    subject + was/were + not + noun/complement
    was/were + subject + noun/complement?

    She was a singer ten years ago
    She was not a singer ten years ago
    Was she a singer ten years ago?

    2. Verbal simple past tense
    Subject + v2
    Subject + did not + v1
    Did + subject + V1?

    He bought a novel last week.
    He did not buy a novel last week.
    Did he buy a novel last week?

    8. The present perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences.
    Formula: Sub + Have/Has + (Verb 3rd) + object
    Example:
    -Salma has locked herself in her room since last night.
    -Fadya and Lala have prepared lunch for all people in the room.
    -I have not finished my work yet.

  29. Nama : Ilham Ammar Amanullah
    Kelas : X TKJ 1

    1. Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems. 

    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.

    3. (MALIN KUNDANG)
    Once Upin A time, there Was diligent boy named Malin, he lives on the coastline with her mother. They are very poor, but his life quiet and harmonic.
    One day, came a big ship. They invite the people to work on their ships. Malin wants to join because he wants to improve his life. But her mother do not allow it, Malin still continue his determination, and finally he go to sail with the ship.
    A fee years later, Malin success and become a rich trader. Then, he come to his home with beautiful wife, but his wife don’t know Malin descendant. Then he kicked the food brought by his mother.
    Her mother was very sad and disappointed to see malin rebel against her. That has a very rapid change. Later, his mother cursed him to be a stone.

    4. (Kungfu Panda)
    Have you ever watch the cartoon movie “Kung Fu Panda”? The panda in the movie is described as a fat animal, love-noodle eater, and Kung Fu master. But the Panda that will be described below is not the Panda who can do Kung Fu like in that movie. Here is the description about Panda.

    Pandas are bear-like animal which originally live in center and western part of China. Pandas have distinguish features that make them different other species of bear. Pandas have white thick fur which covers all of their body with black eyes patches, ears, nose, legs, shoulders, and arms. Those black marks make Pandas unique and different.
    Like other species of bear, pandas have a big head, a short tail, rounded ears, and a long muzzle with a big nose. However, pandas’ diet is totally different with other species of bear; in which they prefer bamboos than others. 90% of pandas’ diet consists of bamboos. That is why pandas have adapted their body to help them in eating bamboos. Pandas have a big jaw with tough muscles and strong molars to crush bamboos so they can extract the nutrients they need.

    5. Simple Present Tense is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.

    Formula

    subject + main verb + object

    Example

    •They go to the beach on weekend.
    •They enjoy the sunset.
    •We like to make a big sand castle.

    6.narrates an action which is being continued or going to be continued in the near future It uses am/is/are and “ing” is added with the verb

    Formula

    Subject + is/am/are + Present participle (-ing) form

    Example

    •I am studying english at home now.
    •He is reading a newspaper now.
    •She is washing her cloth for this time.

    7. Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other. For example, The baby crawled.

    Formula

    Subject + V2 + Object

    Example

    •Abdul went to Bali for holiday last Sunday
    •She joined english club class at school yesterday.
    •Last Monday, Joni got an accident at the office

    8. Present perfect is the form of a present tense that expresses an action having started in the past and completed recently, or an action that continues in the present. It is also known as “present perfective tense.”

    Formula
    Sub + Have/Has + (Verb 3rd) + object

    Example

    •I have bought a new car.
    •My sister has started a new job this week.
    •She has already submitted her paper.

  30. 1.Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense.
    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like.
    3. A long time ago, there were two animals, Sura and Baya. Sura was the name of a shark and Baya was a crocodile. They lived in a sea.

    Once Sura and Baya were looking for some food. Suddenly, Baya saw a goat. Yummy, this is my lunch; said Baya.

    No way! This is my lunch. You are greedy; said Sura. Then they fought for the goat. After several hours, they were very tired.

    Feeling tired of fighting, they lived in the different places. Sura lived in the water and Baya lived in the land. The border was the beach, so they would never fight again.

    One day, Sura went to the land and looked for some food in the river. He was very hungry and there was not much food in the sea. Baya was very angry when he knew that Sura broke the promise.

    They fought again. They both hit each other. Sura bit Baya’s tail. Baya did the same thing to Sura. He bit very hard until Sura finally gave up and went back to the sea. Baya was happy.
    4. Another place that you can visit in Indonesia is Yogyakarta. This place has beautiful cultural tourism. Tourism object like Borobudur temple is the popular over the place. This is because, in Borobudur Temple you can learn about its historical histories and it is to be a good spot to see sunrise.

    Morover, Yogyakarta is also well-known as kota Pelajar because there are many education institutes over the place.
    5. Simple Present Tense is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.
    Formula: subject + main verb + object
    Example: I listen to music daily.
    I eat burger every day.
    6. Present Continuous Tense is a form of tense that refers to actions that are taking place now or when the conversation is taking place
    Formula :subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    Example: She is brushing the bathroom floor.
    7. Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other.
    Formula: Subject + V2 + Object
    Example: Iwan made a sponge cake.
    8. present perfect tense is a verb tense used to express actions that occurred at a non-specific time. The present perfect tense is also used to express actions that started in the past but continue to the present.
    Formula: Sub + Have/Has + V3rd + Object
    Example: I have written a letter

  31. 1. Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense. The purpose of the text is to entertain or to amuse the readers or listeners about the story
    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.
    3. Once upon a time, there were two close friends who were walking through the forest together. They knew that anything dangerous can happen any time in the forest. So they promised each other that they would always be together in any case of danger
    4. I have a stray cat as my pet. He is really playful, He loved to play with me and the new things he found. He has orange and white fur, his fur is so soft and I like to rubs it for him.
    He has a long tail. He likes to play with it. He is also always try to catch his tail sometimes. I also like to hold him in my hand, when i hold him like that he will fall asleep.
    5. Simple Present Tense is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.
    Formula
    subject + main verb + object
    Example
    ~ My mother always makes me a glass of milk
    6. Definition
    narrates an action which is being continued or going to be continued in the near future It uses am/is/are and “ing” is added with the verb.
    Formula
    Subject + is/am/are + Present participle (-ing) form
    Example
    ~ My mother is cooking in the kitchen.

  32. What is the narrative text?
    Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems

    What is the descriptive text?
    Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.Most descriptive text is about visual experience, but in fact experience other than the sense of sight, we can also use it to make descriptive text.

    Write the example of narrative text?
    The Ant and the Dove

    One hot day, an ant was seeking for some water. After walking around for a moment, she came to a spring. To reach the spring, she had to climb up a blade of grass. While making her way up, she slipped and fell unintentionally into the water.

    She could have sunk if a dove up a nearby tree had not seen her. Seeing that the ant was in trouble, the dove quickly put off a leaf from a tree and dropped it immediately into the water near the struggling ant. Then the ant moved towards the leaf and climbed up there. Soon it carried her safely to dry ground.

    Not long after at that, there was a hunter nearby who was throwing out his net towards the dove, hoping to trap it in this way.

    Guessing what he should do, the ant quickly bit him on the heel. Feeling the pain, the hunter dropped his net and the dove flew away quickly from this net.
    The morality: One good turn deserves another.

    Write the example of descriptive text?
    Sphynx Cats
    My Sphynx cat is the only pet I have. He has a little hair but is not totally hairless as he has a peach fuzz over much of his body. His coat is often a warm chamois. My Sphynx has a normal cat proportion.
    I like his tail although my mom say that it is like a rats tail. I love his usual color varieties including, tortoiseshell, chocolate, black, blue, lilac, chocolate etc. He is really an amazing cat. Believe it or not, he is very intelligent cat. He can respond my voice commands.
    He is really funny as well as my friends get a joke. I love him so much as I love my mother.

    What is present simple, give the formula and give the example?
    Simple Present Tense is a type of sentence that has a function to express an activity or fact that occurs in the present, and structurally or its arrangement, simple present tense uses only one verb.
    form:
    Subject + Base Form(V1)+’s’ or ‘es’ + rest of the sentence
    ex:
    He eats apples daily.

    What is present continuous tense, give the formula and give the example?
    The present continuous tense is formed with the subject plus the present particle form (-ing) of the main verb and the present continuous tense of the verb to be: am, is, are.
    form:
    Subject + is/am/are + Present participle (-ing) form
    ex:
    aqsa is swimming at apartemen sentul

    What is past simple, give the formula and give the example?
    Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other. For example, The baby crawled.
    form:
    Subject + V2 + Object
    ex:
    aqsa went to the cafe

    What is present perfect, give the formula and give the example?
    Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences.
    form:
    Sub + Have/Has + (Verb 3rd) + object
    ex:
    aqsa has played playstation

  33. 1. Narrative Text Is A Story With Complication Or Problematic Events And It Tries To Find The Resolutions To Solve The Problems
    2. Descriptive Text Is A Text Which Says What A Person Or A Thing Is Like. Its Purpose Is To Describe And Reveal A Particular Person, Place, Or Thing.
    3.
    A Little Girl In A Village

    Amelia’s House Was In A Quiet Place. It Was A Hilly Village; The Garden Of Her House Was Very Beautiful. Flowers With Various Colors Grew There. Amelia Grew Some Roses. She’s A Nature Lover. One Day Amelia Closed Her Book. She Felt Tired After Studying Hard. She Stood By The Window. She Could See The Mountain From There. It Was A Beautiful Bluish Green. “How Wonderful It Would Be If I Could Reach The Top Of That Mountain Without Climbing.”
    “If You Want To Fly Up There, Follow Me,” Said A Soft Voice. Amelia Was Surprised. “Who Are You? Why Did You Come In Without Permission?”
    “My Name Is Yuli. My Home Is A Bit Far From Here. I Want To Be Your Friend, Amelia,” Said The Girl.
    “You Know My Name,” Said Amelia.
    “I Often Hear Your Mother Calling You,” Yuli Answered. She Reached Out Her Hand To Amelia. Amelia Shook Yuli’s Hand.
    “Why Is Your Hand So Cold? Are You Ill?” Asked Amelia, Worried.
    “I Haven’t Been To School For Few Days,” Said Yuli.
    “If You Were Sick, Why Aren’t You In Bed Now?” Asked Amelia.
    “The Fresh Air Will Make Me Better, Amelia,” Said Yuli Pulled Amelia’s Hand. She Wanted Amelia To Follow Her.
    “Oh, No. I Cannot Go Now. I Must Do My Homework.”
    “Okay. How About Tomorrow? My Mother Will Make Some Delicious Cakes For Me. You Must Taste Some, Yuli,” Said Amelia.
    “Thanks Amelia. You Are So Kind.” Yuli Waved To Amelia And Then She Was Gone. Amelia’s Mother Was Puzzled To See Her Daughter Talking Alone.
    4.
    My Small House
    I Live In A Small House. It Has Five Rooms: There Are Two Bedrooms, A Living Room, A Bathroom, And A Kitchen. Indeed It Is A Small House; But I Like Living In Here For Wasting My Spare Time.
    When The Door Is Open, I Can See The Living Room. It Is So Small With Only Three Chairs And A Table, Nothing Else. I Prefer Reading A Novel In This Room.
    My Bedroom Is In The Left Side Of The Living Room. In This Room There Is A Night Table Next To The Bed, A TV, A Radio, And A Computer. When Being Bored Of Reading, I Usually Play Online Games, Chat With My Friends Via Facebook And So On.
    Next To My Bedroom Is My Mother’s. I Do Not Know What Is Inside Because I Never Come In To See It. In The Right Side Of The Living Room There Is The Kitchen. In The Kitchen I Have Everything I Need When I Get Hungry. It Is Very Pleasure When My Mother Cooks, The Smell Fills My Whole House.
    I Know It Is A Very Small House; But It Is The Best Place I Have Ever Seen.
    5.
    The Simple Present Is A Verb Tense With Two Main Uses. We Use The Simple Present Tense When An Action Is Happening Right Now, Or When It Happens Regularly (Or Unceasingly, Which Is Why It’s Sometimes Called Present Indefinite). Depending On The Person, The Simple Present Tense Is Formed By Using The Root Form Or By Adding S Or Es To The End.
    Formula: (+)Subject + Base Form(V1)+’S’ Or ‘Es’ + Rest Of The Sentence
    (-)Subject + Do Not / Does Not + Base Form + Rest Of The Sentence.
    (?)Do / Does + Subject + Base Form + Rest Of The Sentence +?
    o Rock Wants To Sing.
    o Bill Writes The Letters.
    o Peter Is Coming To Our Place.
    o Bob Has Given The Book To Allen.
    o I Am Going To The Varsity.

    6. The Present Continuous Verb Tense Indicates That An Action Or Condition Is Happening Now, Frequently, And May Continue Into The Future.
    Formula: To Be [Am, Is, Are] + Verb [Present Participle]
    Are You Waiting To Open Your Presents After You Eat Your Pancakes?
    7. The Simple Past Is A Verb Tense That Is Used To Talk About Things That Happened Or Existed Before Now
    Formula: (+)S + Verb 2 + O (Ed/D)
    (-)S + Did + Not + Verb 1
    (?)Did + S + Verb 1
    She Joined English Club Class At School Yesterday.
    Many Kids Did Not Like Horror Movies.
    Did She Deliver The Pizza On Time
    8. The Present Perfect Is A Verb Tense Which Is Used To Show That An Action Has Taken Place Once Or Many Times Before Now. The Present Perfect Is Most Frequently Used To Talk About Experiences Or Changes That Have Taken Place, But There Are Other Less Common Uses As Well. Read On For Detailed Descriptions, Examples, And Present Perfect Exercises.
    Formula: Has/Have + Past Participle.
    • I Have Seen That Movie Twenty Times.
    • I Think I Have Met Him Once Before.
    • There Have Been Many Earthquakes In California.
    • People Have Traveled To The Moon.

  34. 1.Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense.
    2.The meaning of descriptive text is a text which presents information about something specifically
    3.Pinocchio and the wicked witch
    In a large pine forest in the country Italy , lonely . He always dreamed about having a child . Every day , he went to cut wood for the city people . One day , an idea illuminated his mind , the idea of crafting a puppet , that he would give the name of Pinocchio . He made the doll and at night , the puppet come to life ! One year of happiness and thriller passed , on Sunday morning , Gepetto told Pinocchio : it’s my birthday soon , my little boy ! I hope you do not forget it ! Euuh , sure , I’m not ! Pinocchio felt awkward .

    He did not think about it . Gepettos birthday comes just three days ahead, and he had not prepared a gift . After a long night of reflecting , Pinocchio finally decided to offer a homemade chocolate cake to her as a gift . When the sun rose, Pinocchio was ready to go outside find the ingredients . The main problem was not even known he was in and the recipe.

    So after school , he decided to go ask someone for the ingredients to bake a cake . During his walk , Pinocchio , the wooden puppet , met shamans city . Hey , little boy , do you need help for your chocolate cake ? Hum You can help me ? , Tanya Pinocchio . Sure , I could . Follow me ! After walking a few minutes so , Pinocchio saw big , big , big huge candy house . They entered together and Pinocchio was caught by a large enclosure . Mouahahaha ! I was finally able to catch you ! you be mine , you will work for me ! , Said the evil witch .

    Pinocchio was terrified . When the guards came and took him out of the cage , he immediately ran very fast and he managed to escape . At the same time, the evil wizard , summoned all his troops with him , ran after him and he pulled out his wand . Evil devil changed the little wooden puppet into a chocolate cake ! When he returned home , he told the whole story to his father and they went to find a fairy god . After a long journey , they finally found the fairy god and they had a magic potion for Pinocchio , Pinocchio to treat the poor
    4.Borobudur Temple
    Borobudur is Hindu – Budhist temple. It was build in the nineth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.

    Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 m high and consist of eight step like stone terrace. The first five terrace are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Budist sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The entire adifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre at the centre of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and starways. The design of borobudur which symbolizes the structure of universe influences temples at Angkor, Cambodia.

    Borobudur temple which is rededicated as an Indonesian monument in 1983 is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people
    5.Simple present tense is a form of verb for facts, habits, or events that occur at this
    Formula : 1. Verb 1, Subyek —> I, We, You, They. : Am, Are
    Formula: 2. Verb 1 + s/es. —–> He, She, It. To be nya : Is
    sample : Student always go to school by bus
    6.Present Continuous Tense is a form of tense that refers to actions that are taking place now or when the conversation is taking place
    Formula :subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    sample :Mr. Tony is making design of the house.
    7.Simple past tense is a sentence tenses used to express events that occurred in the past and have ended in the past
    Formula : S + VERB 2 + O
    Sample :Abdul went to Bali for holiday last Sunday
    8.Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or that has been started in the past and still continues to the present or has been completed at a certain point of time in the past but the effect is still running
    Formula 1:Subjek+have/has+been+complement
    Formula 2:Subjek+have/has+verb 3+complement
    Sample : I have eaten apple
    : I have been here since June 3rd

  35. 1. Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems. An important part of narrative text is the narrative mode, the set of methods used to communicate the narrative through a process narration.

    2. Descriptive text is a text that describes about things, people or places. mostly about their information in general like their characters, habits, and other information involved
    the purpose of descriptive text is to identify something and the generic structure of it is identification and description

    3. True Friends

    Once upon a time, there were two close friends who were walking through the forest together. They knew that anything dangerous can happen any time in the forest. So they promised each other that they would always be together in any case of danger.

    Suddenly, they saw a large bear getting closer toward them. One of them climbed a nearby tree at once. But unfortunately the other one did not know how to climb up the tree. So being led by his common sense, he lay down on the ground breathless and pretended to be a dead man.

    The bear came near the one who was lying on the ground. It smelt in his ears, and slowly left the place because the bears do not want to touch the dead creatures. After that, the friend on the tree came down and asked his friend that was on the ground, “Friend, what did the bear whisper into your ears?” The other friend replied, “Just now the bear advised me not to believe a false friend”.

    Moral of the Story – A true friend in need is a friend indeed.

    4. My Small House

    I live in a small house. It has five rooms: there are two bedrooms, a living room, a bathroom, and a kitchen. Indeed it is a small house; but I like living in here for wasting my spare time.

    When the door is open, I can see the living room. It is so small with only three chairs and a table, nothing else. I prefer reading a novel in this room.

    My bedroom is in the left side of the living room. In this room there is a night table next to the bed, a TV, a radio, and a computer. When being bored of reading, I usually play online games, chat with my friends via Facebook and so on.

    Next to my bedroom is my mother’s. I do not know what is inside because I never come in to see it. In the right side of the living room there is the kitchen. In the kitchen I have everything I need when I get hungry. It is very pleasure when my mother cooks, the smell fills my whole house.

    I know it is a very small house; but it is the best place I have ever seen.

    5. Simple present tense is a sentence/ tense that we use to tell general truth, to tell facts, and to tell habbitual action.
    For example:
    I go to school every day.
    We play outside after school each day.
    Every Monday they eat spaghetti for dinner.

    6. The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present continuous exercises.
    For example:
    S + tobe (is,am,are) + V1+ing + O/C

    eg : I am studying English now
    He is talking about his journey to London

    7. The Past Simple tense, also called the Simple Past, is used for past actions that happened either at a specific time, which can either be given by a time phrase (yesterday, last year, etc.) or understood from the context. Regular Verbs add -ed to the base form, or -d if the verbs ends with -e. Irregular verbs can change in many different ways. The verb form is the same for all persons
    For example:
    Simple past tense formula
    1. nominal simple past tense
    subject + was/were + noun/complement
    subject + was/were + not + noun/complement
    was/were + subject + noun/complement?

    She was a singer ten years ago
    She was not a singer ten years ago
    Was she a singer ten years ago?

    2. Verbal simple past tense
    Subject + v2
    Subject + did not + v1
    Did + subject + V1?

    He bought a novel last week.
    He did not buy a novel last week.
    Did he buy a novel last week?

    8. The Present Perfect
    Present Perfect is a sentence pattern with verbs that is used to indicate that an action has occurred once or many times before. The Present Perfect is most often used to talk about experiences or changes that have occurred, but there are other uses that are less common. Check out the explanation below

    Discussion
    Present Perfect Forms

    The pattern of tenses in English is basically the same, that is S A V O, if elaborated further it will look like below

    S (Subject)

    A (Auxiliary)

    V (Verb)

    O (Object)

    Perfect present is formed using auxiliary in the form of has / have plus past participle as the verb (verb). The form of the question is shown by turning the subject and auxiliary. Negative forms are created by adding the word “not”.

    Statement (+): You have seen that movie many times.
    Question (?): Have you seen that movie many times?
    Negative (-): You have not seen that movie many times.
    Negative Question (-?): Haven’t you seen that movie many times?
    Present Perfect Uses (Use of Present Perfect)

    1. Time Unknown in the Past

    We can use the present perfect to say that an action occurred at an unknown time in the past. Because the time information on the condition is not important to mention. You CANNOT use the present perfect with certain time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that time, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use Present Perfect with unspecified adverbs like: never, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, not yet, etc.

    Example:

    I have seen that movie twenty times. (I have watched that movie twenty times)
    I think I have met him once before. (I think I’ve met him once before.)
    There have been many earthquakes in California. (There have been many earthquakes in California.)
    People have traveled to the Moon. (Humans have traveled to the Moon.)
    People have not traveled to Mars. (Humans have never traveled to Mars.)
    2. Past Events That Have Happened Until Now (The Verbs Are Not Continuous)

    With non-continuous verbs, we can use the Present Perfect to show that something begins in the past that continues and ends at the present time. “For five minutes,” “for two weeks,” and “since Tuesday” are examples of adverbs that indicate the condition and can be used with the Present Perfect.

    Example:

    I have had a cold for two weeks. (I have a cold for two weeks.)
    She has been in England for six months. (He has been in England for six months.)
    Mary has loved chocolate since she was a little girl. (Mary has loved chocolate since she was little

  36. 1.What is the narrative text?
    Answer : Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems.

    2.What is the descriptive text?
    Answer : Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like

    3.Write the example of narrative text?
    Answer : FOX AND CAT

    One day a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. ‘Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the d

    Just then they heard the barking of a pack of dogs in the distance. The barking grew louder and louder – the dogs were coming in their direction! At once the cat ran to the nearest tree and climbed into its branches, well out of reach of any dog. ‘This is the trick I told you about, the only one I know,’ said the cat. ‘Which one of your hundred tricks are you going to use?’

    The fox sat silently under the tree, wondering which trick she should use. Before she could make up her mind, the dogs arrived. They fell upon the fox and tore her to pieces.

    Moral : A single plan that works is better than a hundred doubtful plans.

    4.Write the example of descriptive text?
    Answer :My Classmate, Yuta

    Yuta is one of the 150 International students at the ELC of Brigham Young University. He is from Japan. He grew up in Japan, and he is 19 years old. There are six people in his family, a father, a mother, three sisters and himself. He is the youngest in his family. He is also the only boy in his family, but now he is in Provo, Utah, studying English. Yuta likes the United States very much and he thinks everything is cheap. Yuta thinks his English classes are excellent and the teachers are professionals. Yuta thinks someone in his class is noisy so he doesn’t like that. In his free time he spends too much time sleeping, so it seems that he has a sleeping sickness.

    5.What is present simple, give the formula and give the example?
    Answer :Simple Present Tense is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.
    →formula of a Simple Present Positive Sentence is – subject + main verb + object.
    →formula of a Simple Present Negative Sentence is – subject + do not/does not + main verb.
    →Example :He goes to the gym every morning.

    6.What is present continuous tense, give the formula and give the example?
    Answer: Present continuous tense is a form of tense that is used to declare that an action is taking place for a certain time at the present time.
    →Formula :to be [am, is, are] + verb [present participle]
    →Example : Aunt Christine is warming up the car while Scott looks for his new leather coat.

    7.What is past simple, give the formula and give the example?
    Answer :Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other. For example, The baby crawled.
    Formula : Subject + V2 + object
    Example : I solved the sum

    Positiv sentences
    See the structure to make affirmative/positive sentences.
    Formula : Subject + past (V2) + object
    Example : Julia made a sponge cake.

    Negatif sentences
    We use ‘not’ after auxiliary verb to make the sentence negative.
    Formula : Subject + did + not + Base form (V1) + object
    Example : Julia did not make a sponge cake.

    8.What is present perfect, give the formula and give the example?
    Answer ;Present Perfect is a sentence pattern with verbs used to indicate that a suat Present Perfect most often used to talk about experiences or changes that have occurred, but there are other uses that are less common.

    formulas
    (-) S + have/has + not + V3
    (?) Has/have + S + V3

    (+) I have read this biography book many times
    (-) I have not read this biography book many times
    (?) have I read this biography book many times?

  37. 1. Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems.

    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like.

    3. The Ant and the Dove

    One hot day, an ant was seeking for some water. After walking around for a moment, she came to a spring. To reach the spring, she had to climb up a blade of grass. While making her way up, she slipped and fell unintentionally into the water.

    She could have sunk if a dove up a nearby tree had not seen her. Seeing that the ant was in trouble, the dove quickly put off a leaf from a tree and dropped it immediately into the water near the struggling ant. Then the ant moved towards the leaf and climbed up there. Soon it carried her safely to dry ground.

    Not long after at that, there was a hunter nearby who was throwing out his net towards the dove, hoping to trap it in this way.

    Guessing what he should do, the ant quickly bit him on the heel. Feeling the pain, the hunter dropped his net and the dove flew away quickly from this net.

    4. My Family

    My family has four members: those are I, my sister, and parents of course.

    My mother is 40 years old. Her name’s Diana. She’s thin-faced and she’s got long, black hair and beautiful black eyes. She is still slim because she always tries to stay in shape. She is very good-looking, always well-dressed and elegant.

    My father, Didi, is 5 years older than my mother. He is 45. In spite of his age he’s still black-haired, with several black hairs. He has bright brown eyes. He is quite tall, but a bit shorter than me. He’s very hard-working. Besides that he is working in a travel company. He can even make a dinner when my mother is outside. His cooking and his meals are always very tasty.

    Finally, my sister Nazwa. She is 18. She is also red haired and black eyed. She has long wavy hair and freckles. She is definitely shorter than me. She is rather introverted. But she is very sensible, smart and co-operative. Right now she is studying English and also knows Arabic and Mandarin.

    They all, except me, speak Sundanese very well, because we were living in Bogor for 5 years. My sister have been going to primary school there. Unfortunately I was only 3 when we were leaving to Tangerang, so I can’t speak Sundanese. Now we are happily living in Tangerang.

    5. => Simple present tense is a sentence/ tense that we use to tell general truth, to tell facts, and to tell habbitual action.
    => Formula : S + V1 + O
    => Example : I go to bathroom every morning

    6. => Text indicating activities that are taking place.
    => Formula : S + to be + V ing + O
    => Example : They are go to school at 06.30 o’clock

    7. => Text stating events that happened in the past.
    => Formula : S + V2 + O
    => Example : You lives in Malaysia from 9 years ago

    8. => Text stating events that occurred in the past but have not ended until now.
    => Formula : S + have/has + V3 + O
    => Example : I have worked in this month

  38. 1. narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense.An important part of narrative text is the narrative mode, the set of methods used to communicate the narrative through a process narration.

    2. text describing people, animals, plants, objects and places.

    3. The Fox and The Grapes
    One afternoon there was a fox that was walking through the forest and spotted a bunch of grapes hanging from over a lofty branch. “Just the thing to quench my thirst,” quoted the fox. Taking a few steps backward, the fox jumped but unfortunately he missed the hanging grapes. Again the fox took a few paces backward, ran, and tried to reach them but he still failed.
    Finally, giving up, the fox turned up his nose and said, “They’re probably sour anyway,” and proceeded to walk away.
    Moral Value: it’s easy to despise what you cannot have.

    4. Michael Douglas
    Michael Douglas is a very famous and popular American actor.
    He is about sixty years old. He is a slim person and he is average height. He has got light brown eyes and short fair hair.
    His wife is a very beautiful British actress who is named Catherine Zeta-Johns, she has got green eyes and long straight black hair.
    They have got a daughter who is two years old. They all live in the United States Of America.

    5. Simple present tense is a form of verb for facts, habits, or events that occur on
    Formula
    This formula: 1. Verb 1, Subject -> I, We, You, They. : Am, Are
    Formula: 2. Verb 1+ s / ice. —–> He, He, That. To be: Is
    example
    •They enjoy the sunset
    •I read one book every month.
    •My cat likes to play after eating

    6. The present continuous is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense.
    Formula
    subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
    Example
    •She is drinking coffee
    •He is going to the library
    •We are coming for shopping in this market

    7. text stating events that happened in the past
    Formula
    subject + verb 2 + object
    Example
    •I went to Jogjakarta with my friends last week
    •Sinta and Sindi were at the school library yesterday afternoon
    • He did not come to school yesterday because he was sick

    8. Present perfect tense is a form of verb that is used to express an action or situation that has started in the past and still continues until now or has been completed at a certain point in the past but the effect is still continuing.
    Formula
    S + auxiliary verb (have / has) + past participle (verb3)
    Example
    •My sister has already made a big cake
    •My baby has slept since all night
    •My mother has just cleaned the house

  39. Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense. The purpose of the text is to entertain or to amuse the readers or listeners about the story
    Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.
    One day a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. ‘Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the dogs,’ she said.
    I live in a small house. It has five rooms: there are two bedrooms, a living room, a bathroom, and a kitchen. Indeed it is a small house; but I like living in here for wasting my spare time.
    When the door is open, I can see the living room. It is so small with only three chairs and a table, nothing else. I prefer reading a novel in this room.
    Definition
    Simple Present Tense is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.

    Formula

    subject + main verb + object

    Example

    She listens to the lectures carefully.
    I listen to the lectures carefully.
    He goes to the market every day.

    Definition
    narrates an action which is being continued or going to be continued in the near future It uses am/is/are and “ing” is added with the verb

    Formula

    Subject + is/am/are + Present participle (-ing) form

    Example
    Julia is making a sponge cake right now.
    He is going to the hill station next week.

    Definition

    Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other. For example, The baby crawled.

    Formula

    Subject + V2 + Object

    Example
    Julia made a sponge cake.
    He went to the hill station.

    Definition

    Present perfect is the form of a present tense that expresses an action having started in the past and completed recently, or an action that continues in the present. It is also known as “present perfective tense.” 

    Formula
    Sub + Have/Has + (Verb 3rd) + object

    Example.
    I have written a letter
    He has cooked Food
    They have Played football
    She has made cake

    Kamis, 7 mei 2020

  40. 1. What is the narrative text?
    Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems

    2. What is the descriptive text?
    Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.

    3. Write the example of narrative text?
    A Donkey and A Lapdog

    Once upon a time there was a farmer who owned a little dog that he keeps constantly by his side and a donkey, which lived in a warm stable and got plenty of fresh grain and sweet hay. But, unfortunately the donkey was not satisfied with his condition.

    “I slave all day long, hauling wood or pulling the cart to market while the dog sleeps on the master’s lap and eats from his plate!,” the donkey grumbled. “Perhaps, he thought, if he behaved like the dog, his master would reward him with the same life of ease.

    That very night, the donkey crept out of the stable and into the house where the farmer sat at supper. “First I’ll frisk about and chase my tail, just as the dog does,” thought the donkey. And he danced about the room, flinging up his hooves until the table toppled over and dishes went flying.

    “Now I’ll sit on his lap!” said the donkey, and he put his hooves up on the master’s chair.

    “Help! Save me from this mad beast!” the terrified farmer bellowed. Then his servants came running and, with shouts and blows, drove the donkey back to the stable.

    “I suppose I’ m a fine donkey, “the donkey lamented,” but I’ ll never be a lapdog!”
    Moral of the Story- What’s right for one may be wrong for another. So, never try to copy another person in front of you.

    4. Write the example of descriptive text?
    Kungfu Panda

    (Identification)
    Have you ever watch the cartoon movie “Kung Fu Panda”? The panda in the movie is described as a fat animal, love-noodle eater, and Kung Fu master. But the Panda that will be described below is not the Panda who can do Kung Fu like in that movie. Here is the description about Panda.

    (Description)
    Pandas are bear-like animal which originally live in center and western part of China. Pandas have distinguish features that make them different other species of bear. Pandas have white thick fur which covers all of their body with black eyes patches, ears, nose, legs, shoulders, and arms. Those black marks make Pandas unique and different.
    Like other species of bear, pandas have a big head, a short tail, rounded ears, and a long muzzle with a big nose. However, pandas’ diet is totally different with other species of bear; in which they prefer bamboos than others. 90% of pandas’ diet consists of bamboos. That is why pandas have adapted their body to help them in eating bamboos. Pandas have a big jaw with tough muscles and strong molars to crush bamboos so they can extract the nutrients they need.

    5. What is present simple, give the formula and give the example?
    Simple Present Tense is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.

    The structure/formula of a Simple Present Positive Sentence is – subject + main verb + object.
    Examples:
    She listens to the lectures carefully.
    I listen to the lectures carefully.
    He goes to the market every day

    The structure of a Simple Present Negative Sentence is – subject + do not/does not + main verb.
    Examples:
    They do not believe in religion.
    We do not go to the canteen.
    I do not like milk.

    Negative-Interrogative Sentences
    Structure/Formula:
    (question words + subject + do not/does not + main verb). For Example consider the following sentences-
    Why it does not change color?
    Why he does not drink milk?
    Why she does not like to swim?

    6. What is present continuous tense, give the formula and give the example?
    The present continuous tense is used for actions happening now or for an action that is unfinished. This tense is also used when the action is temporary.
    The present continuous tense is formed with the subject plus the present particle form (-ing) of the main verb and the present continuous tense of the verb to be: am, is, are.
    One simple example of this tense is: He is swimming. “He” is the subject, “is” is the present tense of the verb to be and “swimming” is the present participle verb form.
    Examples:
    She is crying.
    He is talking to his friend.
    The baby is sleeping in his crib.

    7. What is past simple, give the formula and give the example?
    Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other. For example, The baby crawled.

    Positive Sentences
    See the structure to make affirmative/positive sentences.
    Subject + Past(V2) + Object
    Examples:
    Julia made a sponge cake.
    He went to the hill station.

    Negative Sentences
    We use ‘not’ after auxiliary verb to make the sentence negative.
    Subject + did + not + Base form (V1) + object.
    Examples of negative sentences:
    Julia did not make a sponge cake.
    He did not go to the hill station.

    Question Sentences
    To make the question, auxiliary verb come at the start of the sentence and question mark at the end.
    Did + subject + base form (V1) + object + ?
    Examples of question sentences:
    Did Julia make a sponge cake?
    Did he go to the hill station?

    8. What is present perfect, give the formula and give the example?
    Present perfect is the form of a present tense that expresses an action having started in the past and completed recently, or an action that continues in the present. It is also known as “present perfective tense.” Present perfect is a combination of the past participle (ending in -n, -d, or -ed) of the main verb, and some form of an auxiliary, such as “has” in the case of a singular subject, or “have” in the case of a plural subject.
    Formula:
    Sub + Have/Has + (Verb 3rd) + object
    For example:
    The company has launched new styles.
    We have gotten back to work.
    Have they ever visited that museum?

  41. WRITE IN THE COMMENT
    1. What is the narrative text?
    2. What is the descriptive text?
    3. Write the example of narrative text?
    4. Write the example of descriptive text?
    5. What is present simple, give the formula and give the example?
    6. What is present continuous tense, give the formula and give the example?
    7. What is past simple, give the formula and give the example?
    8. What is present perfect, give the formula and give the example?

    ANSWER

    1. Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems. An important part of narrative text is the narrative mode, the set of methods used to communicate the narrative through a process narration.
    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing. … Most descriptive text is about visual experience, but in fact experience other than the sense of sight, we can also use it to make descriptive text.
    3. The Ant and the Dove
    One hot day, an ant was seeking for some water. After walking around for a moment, she came to a spring. To reach the spring, she had to climb up a blade of grass. While making her way up, she slipped and fell unintentionally into the water.
    She could have sunk if a dove up a nearby tree had not seen her. Seeing that the ant was in trouble, the dove quickly put off a leaf from a tree and dropped it immediately into the water near the struggling ant. Then the ant moved towards the leaf and climbed up there. Soon it carried her safely to dry ground.
    Not long after at that, there was a hunter nearby who was throwing out his net towards the dove, hoping to trap it in this way.
    Guessing what he should do, the ant quickly bit him on the heel. Feeling the pain, the hunter dropped his net and the dove flew away quickly from this net.

    4. Way Kambas National Park
    Way Kambas National Park is a national park for elephant sanctuary located in Lampung precisely in the Labuhan Ratu sub district, East Lampung, Indonesia. Way Kambas National Park, established in 1985, is the first school for elephant in Indonesia. In the beginning of its establishment, Way Kambas National Park was named the Elephant Training Center / Pusat Latihan Gajah (PLG), but the last few years this name was changed into Elephant Conservation Center / Pusat Konservasi Gajah (PKG), which is expected to become a center for elephant conservation in taming, training, breeding and conserving elephants. Until now, this PKG has trained for about 300 elephants which have been deployed to all over the country.
    In Way Kambas National Park, there are some endangered animals such as Sumatran Rhinos, Sumatran elephant, Sumatran tiger, Mentok Rimba, and Buaya sepit. There are also so some plants which are mostly found there such as Api-api, Pidada, Nipah, and Pandan. On the marshy coasts of Way Kambas National Park is often found various species of birds, such as, Lesser Adjutant, Pheasant Blue, Kuau Raja, Pependang Timur, and some other birds.

    5. Present tense is a form of verb that is used to express facts, habits,events, activitieas, and so on that are happening right now.
    Formula
    Posotif :S + V1 (e/es)
    Negative :S + DO/DOES + NOT +V1
    Interrogative :DO/DOES + S + 1
    Example :
    (+) she drinks a water
    (-) She doesn’t a water
    (?)Does she drink a water ?
    6. The present continuous tense is formed with the subject plus the present particle form (-ing) of the main verb and the present continuous tense of the verb to be: am, is, are. One simple example of this tense is: He is swimming. … Some other forms of this verb tense are: I am singing at church today.
    7. Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other.
    Subject + Past(V2) + Object.
    Subject + did + not + Base form (V1) + object.
    Did + subject + base form (V1) + object + ?
    Example :
    (+)I walked
    (-)I din’t walk
    (?)did I walk ?
    8. Present perfect is a sentence pattern with verbs used to indicate that a suat present perfect most often used to talk about experiences or changes that have occurred, buat there are other used that are less common
    Sub + Have/Has + (Verb 3 rd) + Object
    Example :
    I have fixed mu computer

  42. 1. Narrative text is a story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems

    2. Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.

    3. Telaga Warna

    Long ago there was a kingdom in West Java. The kingdom was ruled by a king. People called their king His Majesty Prabu. Prabu was a kind and wise king. No wonder if that country was prosperous. There’s no hunger in this kingdom.
    It was a very happy condition. But it was a pity that Prabu and his queen hadn’t got any children. It made the royal couple very very sad. Some old men and women who were respected by Prabu suggested the king to adopt a child. But Prabu and the queen didn’t agree. “No, thank you. But for us, our own daughter or son is better than adopted children.”
    The queen was very sad. She often cried. That was why Prabu decided to go. He went to the jungle. There he prayed to God. Everyday he begged for a child. His dream comes true. A few months later, the queen got pregnant. All people in the kingdom felt happy. They sent many presents to the palace to express their happiness.
    Nine months later a princess was born. People sent their presents again as a gift to a little princess. This baby grew as a beautiful teenager then. Prabu and Queen loved their daughter so much. They gave whatever she wanted. It made Princess a very spoiled girl. When her wish couldn’t be realized, she became very angry. She even said bad things often. A true princess wouldn’t do that. Eventhough the princess behaved badly, her parents loved her, so did the people in that kingdom.
    Day by day, the princess grew more beautiful. No girls could compare with her. In a few days, Princess would be 17 years old. So, people of that kingdom went to palace. They brought many presents for her. Their present’s gift was very beautiful. Prabu collected the presents. There were really many presents. Then Prabu stored them in a building. Sometimes he could take them to give to his people.
    Prabu only took some gold and jewels. Then she brought them to the goldsmith. “Please make a beautiful necklace for my daughter,” said Prabu. “My pleasure, Your Majesty,” the goldsmith replied. The goldsmith worked with all his heart and his ability. He wanted to create the most beautiful necklace in the world because he loved his princess.
    The birthday came. People gathered in the palace field. When Prabu and queen appeared, people welcomed them happily. Prabu and his wife waved to their beloved people.
    Cheers were louder and louder when the princess appeared with her fabulous pretty face. Everybody admired her beauty. Prabu got up from his chair. A lady gave him a small and glamorous pillow. A wonderful necklace was on it. Prabu took that necklace. “My beloved daughter, today I give this necklace to you. This necklace is a gift from people in this country. They love you so much. They presented it for you to express their happiness, because you have growing to a woman. Please, wear this necklace,” said Prabu.
    Princess accepted the necklace. She looked at the necklace in a glance. “I don’t want to accept it! It’s ugly!” shouted the princess. Then she threw the necklace. The beautiful necklace was broken. The gold and jewels were spread out on the floor.
    Everybody couldn’t say anything. They never thought that their beloved princess did that cruel thing. Nobody spoke. In their silence people heard the queen crying. Every woman felt sad and began crying too. Then everybody was crying.
    Then there was a miracle. Earth was crying. Suddenly, from the underground, a spring emerged. It made a pool of water. The palace was getting full. Soon the place became a big lake. The lake sank the entire kingdom.
    Nowadays the water on that lake is not as full as before. There is only a small lake now. People called the lake “Talaga Warna”. It is mean “Lake of Colour”. It’s located in Puncak, West Java. On a bright day, the lake is full of colour. It is so beautiful and amazing. These colors come from shadows of forest, plants, flowers, and sky around the lake. But some people said that the colours are from the princess’s necklace, which spreads at the bottom of the lake.

    4. Way Kambas National Park

    Way Kambas National Park is a national park for elephant sanctuary located in Lampung precisely in the Labuhan Ratu sub district, East Lampung, Indonesia. Way Kambas National Park, established in 1985, is the first school for elephant in Indonesia. In the beginning of its establishment, Way Kambas National Park was named the Elephant Training Center / Pusat Latihan Gajah (PLG), but the last few years this name was changed into Elephant Conservation Center / Pusat Konservasi Gajah (PKG), which is expected to become a center for elephant conservation in taming, training, breeding and conserving elephants. Until now, this PKG has trained for about 300 elephants which have been deployed to all over the country.

    In Way Kambas National Park, there are some endangered animals such as Sumatran Rhinos, Sumatran elephant, Sumatran tiger, Mentok Rimba, and Buaya sepit. There are also so some plants which are mostly found there such as Api-api, Pidada, Nipah, and Pandan. On the marshy coasts of Way Kambas National Park is often found various species of birds, such as, Lesser Adjutant, Pheasant Blue, Kuau Raja, Pependang Timur, and some other birds.

    5. Simple Present Tense
    is used for the incidents those have been occurring at the moment or are happening routinely over a period of time.
    Formula
    subject + main verb + object
    Example: I go to school

    6. Present continuous tense is a form of verb used to express, say, talk about current actions or plans for the future.
    Formula
    (+) : S + Tobe +Ving
    (-) : S +Tobe +Not + Ving
    (?) : Tobe + S + Ving
    Example :
    (+) We are studying now
    (- ) We aren’t studying now
    (?) Are you studying now ?

    7. Simple past tense is used to express the actions that happened in the past or happened one after the other.
    Formula
    (+) : Subject + v2 + o
    (-) : subject + did + not + v1 + o
    (?) : Did + subject + v1 + o ?
    Example
    (+) : He went to the hill station
    (-) : ge did not go to the hill station
    (?) : did he go to the hill station ?

    8. Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences.
    Formula
    (+) : S + have/has + v3 + o
    (-) : S + have/has + not + V3
    (?) : Has/have + S + V3
    Example
    (+) : She has eaten a rice
    (-) : she has not eaten a rice
    (?) : Has she eaten a rice

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