Definition of a Report Text
A report text is a type of document written by someone or group of people to announce the result of an investigation or announce something to the proper authorities. The information given in a report text is very general information.
Social Function of a Report Text
The purpose of a report text is to present information about something generally. It generally describes the way things are with reference to arrange of natural, manmade and social phenomenon in our environment, such as: mammals, the planets, rocks, plants, countries of region, cultures, transportations, and so on
The General Characteristics of a Report Text
The characteristics of a report text can be seen from its generic structures and linguistic features. Those characteristics will be explained below.
A. Generic structures
A title of a report text indicates the topic of the text and it is a very general thing.
A general classification is a part that state classification of general aspect of things, such as: animals, public places, plants, etc. It will be discussed in general.
This part gives describing of the things which will be discussed in detail, in terms of: parts (and their function), qualities, habits and behavior
B. Linguistic features
Focus on generic participant.
A report text always introduces group or general aspect and focus on general nouns, such as: ‘Platypus’, ‘Bees’, etc
A report text uses relating verb and action verb, for example:
Relating verb : Reptiles are scalyanimal,etc.
Action verb : Birds fly in the sky, etc
- A report text uses of simple present tense, for example: Platypus lives in streams, male platypus does not need any burrow, etc
- The language used in a report text is a scientific language, for example: water contains oxygen and hydrogen, etc.
- A report text uses Conditionals and logical connectives, such as: but, in other hand, etc.
Contoh Report Text :
Jakarta is a capital city of Indonesia. Jakarta is located on the northwest Java.
The most popular food in Jakarta are Kerak Telor, Ketoprak, and Soto Betawi. There are so many cultural in Jakarta. There are many old buildings there.
But now, Jakarta has influenced by Globalization. Globalization gives many Impact. Negative impact and positive impact. There are many positive impact. But, because the positive impact, there are many negative impact too.
An example of positive impact is, there are a lot of tourist that goes vacation to Jakarta. and then, the tourist will see Indonesian culturals, old buildings, and many gives. But, from that positive impact, the negative impact is rivers in Indonesian especially Jakarta, the rivers are polluted by waste. And if Jakarta is rainy, there are always flood.
Giraffe is the highest animal in the world. Its height can reach 4.8 to 5.5 meters and its weight about 1360 pounds. Giraffe has a unique characteristic. They have a very long neck and two small horns on its head. Giraffes have big brown eyes and protected by thick and long eyebrows. Her body is covered with a unique pattern that is attached by brown spots all over their body.
Just like camels, giraffes can survive without drinking for long time because giraffes can rely on the water contained in leaves they eat. Giraffes are very selective in choosing food. They always eat young leaves that grow in the tree tops. Their tongue shaped like a knife help them to cut branches which are very hard.
Female giraffes can start pregnant at the age of five years, with a gestation period of 15 months. Commonly female giraffe bear one baby, but sometimes two babies at once. Giraffes bear its baby with a standing position. When the baby is about to be born, they just drop it to the ground from a 1.5 meter of height. Baby giraffe can stand with about 20 minutes since being born, and begin breastfeeding within an hour of birth.