Descriptive Text

Definition of descriptive text

Descriptive Text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.” (teks yang menjelaskan gambaran seseorang atau benda. Tujuannya adalah mengambarkan atau mengungkapkan orang, tempat atau benda tertentu)

Generic Structure of descriptive text

# Identification : Identifies phenomenon (person, place, or thing) that will be described. (berisi tentang identifikasi hal / seorang yang akan dideskripsikan.)
# Description : Describes parts, qualities, characteristics, etc (berisi tentang penjelasan / penggambaran tentang hal / seseorang dengan menyebutkan beberapa sifatnya.)

Generic Structure of descriptive text

– Specific participant : memiliki obyek tertentu, tidak bersifat umum dan unik (hanya ada satu)
misalnya : bandengan beach, my house, borobudur temple, uncle Joko
– Penggunaan adjective (kata sifat) untuk memperjelas noun (kata benda)
misalnya : a beautiful beach, a handsome man, the famous place in jepara dll
– Penggunaan simple present tense : Pola kalimat yang digunakan adalah simple present karena menceritakan fakta dari obyek deskripsi.
– Action verbs : terdapat kata kerja yang menunjukkan sebuah kegiatan (aktifitasnya bisa dilihat) misalnya : run, sleep, walk, cut dll.

Example :

Peter is the youngest in our family. He is fourteen years old and four years younger than me. He has long, straight hair, bright eyes and a friendly smile. Sometimes he is rather naughty at home, but he usually does what he is asked to do.

Peter is interested in sports very much, and at school, he plays football and tennis. He is the best badminton player in our family.

Author: admindz

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